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Category:   OS (Linux)  >   Linux Kernel Vendors:   kernel.org
Linux Kernel ALSA Driver snd_mem_proc_read() Function Discloses Kernel Memory to Local Users
SecurityTracker Alert ID:  1018734
SecurityTracker URL:  http://securitytracker.com/id/1018734
CVE Reference:   CVE-2007-4571   (Links to External Site)
Date:  Sep 25 2007
Impact:   Disclosure of system information, Disclosure of user information
Fix Available:  Yes  Vendor Confirmed:  Yes  
Version(s): prior to 2.6.22.8
Description:   A vulnerability was reported in the Linux Kernel ALSA driver. A local user can obtain potentially sensitive information.

A local user with access to the '/proc/driver/snd-page-alloc' file can invoke the snd_mem_proc_read() function to view portions of kernel memory.

The vulnerability resides in 'sound/core/memalloc.c'.

An audio device must be present and the kernel must be compiled with ALSA support and proc file system support to be vulnerable.

The vendor was notified on September 12, 2007.

Neil Kettle (mu-b) of www.digit-labs.org reported this vulnerability via iDefense.

Impact:   A local user can view portions of kernel memory in certain configurations.
Solution:   The vendor has issued a fixed version (2.6.22.8).
Vendor URL:  www.kernel.org/ (Links to External Site)
Cause:   Access control error

Message History:   This archive entry has one or more follow-up message(s) listed below.
Nov 2 2007 (Red Hat Issues Fix) Linux Kernel ALSA Driver snd_mem_proc_read() Function Discloses Kernel Memory to Local Users
Red Hat has released a fix for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4.



 Source Message Contents

Subject:  iDefense Security Advisory 09.25.07: Linux Kernel ALSA

Linux Kernel ALSA snd_mem_proc_read Information Disclosure Vulnerability

iDefense Security Advisory 09.25.07
http://labs.idefense.com/intelligence/vulnerabilities/
Sep 25, 2007

I. BACKGROUND

Linux is a clone of the UNIX operating system, written from scratch by
Linus Torvalds with assistance from a loosely-knit team of hackers
across the Internet. The Advanced Linux Sound Architecture (ALSA)
project provides audio device support for Linux systems. More
information can be found at the URLs shown below.

http://kernel.org/

http://www.alsa-project.org/main/index.php/Main_Page

II. DESCRIPTION

Local exploitation of an information disclosure vulnerability within the
ALSA driver included in the Linux Kernel allows attackers to obtain
sensitive information from kernel memory.

The problem lies within the handling of multiple reads from the
"/proc/driver/snd-page-alloc" file. The kernel side function that
handles the read system call, "snd_mem_proc_read", is defined in
sound/core/memalloc.c as shown below.

  484 static int snd_mem_proc_read(char *page, char **start, off_t off,
  485                              int count, int *eof, void *data)
  486 {
  487         int len = 0;
  ...
  494         len += snprintf(page + len, count - len,
  495                         "pages  : %li bytes (%li pages per %likB)\n",
  496                         pages * PAGE_SIZE, pages, PAGE_SIZE / 1024);
  ...
  508         return len;
  509 }

On line 494, snprintf is called to generate the output for the proc file
system entry. By supplying a count value of 1, snprintf will only write
a single byte to the destination buffer. However, the function will
return the number of bytes that would have been written if enough space
were available. The "*eof" value is never set, and the "*ppos" value is
never used.

This function is called from "proc_file_read" function, which is defined
in fs/proc/generic.c.

   51 static ssize_t
   52 proc_file_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t nbytes,
   53                loff_t *ppos)
   54 {
  ...
  136                         n = dp->read_proc(page, &start, *ppos,
  137                                           count, &eof, dp->data);
  ...
  155                         n -= *ppos;
  156                         if (n <= 0)
  157                                 break;
  158                         if (n > count)
  159                                 n = count;
  160                         start = page + *ppos;
  ...
  186                 n -= copy_to_user(buf, start < page ? page :
start, n);
  ...
  193                 *ppos += start < page ? (unsigned long)start : n;

The value "n" is returned from the call to the snd_proc_mem_read
function on line 136. Since the value returned, approximately 41 in
single device scenarios, is greater than the requested read size (1),
the value "n" is set to "count" on line 158. Later, "*ppos" is
incremented and "n" bytes are copied to user-land from "start" (which
is calculated as "page" + *ppos).

In subsequent user-land read operations, when "*ppos" is greater than
zero, the proc_file_read function will copy from beyond the part of the
page that snd_mem_proc_read wrote. This results in the disclosure of
kernel memory.

III. ANALYSIS

Exploitation of this vulnerability allows attackers to obtain sensitive
information from kernel memory.

In order to exploit this vulnerability, an attacker would need access to
open the /proc/driver/snd-page-alloc file. It is important to note that
this file does not exist unless an audio device is present.

Additionally, the Linux kernel must be built with ALSA support as well
as support for the proc file system. The kernels for the majority of
common Linux distributions are built with these options.

Since memory is only disclosed from the beginning of an uninitialized
page, it may not be possible to obtain certain types of information.
However, the ability to obtain the password hash for the root account
was confirmed during iDefense Labs testing.

IV. DETECTION

iDefense has confirmed the existence of this vulnerability in version
2.6.22.1 of the Linux Kernel as installed with Fedora CORE 7. It is
suspected that other versions are also vulnerable.

V. WORKAROUND

The following workarounds will prevent exploitation of this
vulnerability.

  * If the ALSA drivers have been built as modules, unload the
snd_page_alloc module.
  * Restrict access to the /proc file system by modifying the mount
parameters within /etc/fstab

VI. VENDOR RESPONSE

The Linux Kernel maintainers have addressed this vulnerability within
version 2.6.22.8. More information can be found from the URLs shown
below.

http://git.kernel.org/?p=linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux-2.6.git;a=commit;h=ccec6e2c4a74adf76ed4e2478091a311b1806212

http://kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/v2.6/ChangeLog-2.6.22.8

VII. CVE INFORMATION

The Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) project has assigned the
name CVE-2007-4571 to this issue. This is a candidate for inclusion in
the CVE list (http://cve.mitre.org/), which standardizes names for
security problems.

VIII. DISCLOSURE TIMELINE

09/12/2007  Initial vendor notification
09/12/2007  Initial vendor response
09/25/2007  Coordinated public disclosure

IX. CREDIT

This vulnerability was reported to iDefense by Neil Kettle (mu-b) of
www.digit-labs.org.

Get paid for vulnerability research
http://labs.idefense.com/methodology/vulnerability/vcp.php

Free tools, research and upcoming events
http://labs.idefense.com/

X. LEGAL NOTICES


Permission is granted for the redistribution of this alert
electronically. It may not be edited in any way without the express
written consent of iDefense. If you wish to reprint the whole or any
part of this alert in any other medium other than electronically,
please e-mail customerservice@idefense.com for permission.

Disclaimer: The information in the advisory is believed to be accurate
at the time of publishing based on currently available information. Use
of the information constitutes acceptance for use in an AS IS condition.
 There are no warranties with regard to this information. Neither the
author nor the publisher accepts any liability for any direct,
indirect, or consequential loss or damage arising from use of, or
reliance on, this information.
_______________________________________________
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http://www.idefense.com/mailman/listinfo/idlabs-advisories


 
 


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