NetBSD elf_load_file() Validation Error Lets Local Users Crash the System
SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1015848|
SecurityTracker URL: http://securitytracker.com/id/1015848
(Links to External Site)
Date: Mar 30 2006
Denial of service via local system|
Fix Available: Yes Vendor Confirmed: Yes |
Version(s): 2.0, 2.1, 3.0|
A vulnerability was reported in NetBSD. A local user can cause denial of service conditions.|
The elf_load_file() function does not properly handle interpreters without a PT_LOAD section defined in the header. A malformed ELF interpreter can trigger a NULL pointer deference in the kernel.
The NetBSD 2.x branches are only affected if the kernel is compiled with the USE_TOPDOWN_VM option (not the default in GENERIC kernels).
Eric Haszlakiewicz reported this vulnerability.
A local user can cause the system to crash.|
NetBSD has issued a fix.|
The NetBSD advisory is available at:
Vendor URL: www.netbsd.org/ (Links to External Site)
Input validation error|
Source Message Contents
Subject: NetBSD Security Advisory 2006-008: Malformed ELF interpreter causes|
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NetBSD Security Advisory 2006-008
Topic: Malformed ELF interpreter causes system crash
Version: NetBSD-current: source prior to March 17, 2006
NetBSD 3.0: affected
NetBSD 2.1: affected
NetBSD 2.0.*: affected
NetBSD 2.0: affected
Severity: Any local user can crash the system
Fixed: NetBSD-current: March 17, 2006
NetBSD-3-0 branch: March 20, 2006
(3.0.1 will include the fix)
NetBSD-3 branch: March 20, 2006
NetBSD-2-1 branch: March 20, 2006
(2.1.1 will include the fix)
NetBSD-2-0 branch: March 20, 2006
(2.0.4 will include the fix)
NetBSD-2 branch: March 20, 2006
A malformed copy of ld.elf_so, or any other elf interpreter, can cause
a NULL pointer deference in the kernel.
The elf_load_file() function assumed that an interpreter always has a
PT_LOAD section defined in it's header. That is not necessarily the
case, as an attacker can trivially create an interpreter that
does not have that, and a binary that uses that interpreter.
The netbsd-2, netbsd-2-0 and netbsd-2-1 branches are only vulnerable
if the kernel is compiled with the USE_TOPDOWN_VM option which is
not set by default in GENERIC kernels.
Solutions and Workarounds
For all NetBSD versions, you need to obtain fixed kernel sources,
rebuild and install the new kernel, and reboot the system.
The fixed source may be obtained from the NetBSD CVS repository.
The following instructions briefly summarise how to upgrade your
kernel. In these instructions, replace:
ARCH with your architecture (from uname -m), and
KERNCONF with the name of your kernel configuration file.
To update from CVS, re-build, and re-install the kernel:
# cd src
# cvs update -d -P sys/kern/exec_elf32.c
# ./build.sh kernel=KERNCONF
# mv /netbsd /netbsd.old
# cp sys/arch/ARCH/compile/obj/KERNCONF/netbsd /netbsd
# shutdown -r now
For more information on how to do this, see:
Eric Haszlakiewicz for PoC code and implementing the fixes.
Coverity for access to the scans of the NetBSD source code.
2006-03-29 Initial release
Advisories may be updated as new information becomes available.
The most recent version of this advisory (PGP signed) can be found at
Information about NetBSD and NetBSD security can be found at
http://www.NetBSD.org/ and http://www.NetBSD.org/Security/.
Copyright 2006, The NetBSD Foundation, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Redistribution permitted only in full, unmodified form.
$NetBSD: NetBSD-SA2006-008.txt,v 1.5 2006/03/29 11:14:28 adrianp Exp $
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