SecurityTracker.com
    Home    |    View Topics    |    Search    |    Contact Us    |   

SecurityTracker
Archives


 


Category:   OS (UNIX)  >   FreeBSD Kernel Vendors:   FreeBSD
(FreeBSD Issues Fix) Intel Core-based Processors 'Lazy FPU Restore' Lets Local Users Obtain Potentially Sensitive FPU State Information on the Target System
SecurityTracker Alert ID:  1041164
SecurityTracker URL:  http://securitytracker.com/id/1041164
CVE Reference:   CVE-2018-3665   (Links to External Site)
Date:  Jun 21 2018
Impact:   Disclosure of system information
Fix Available:  Yes  Vendor Confirmed:  Yes  
Version(s): 11.x
Description:   A vulnerability was reported in Intel Core-based processors. A local user can obtain potentially sensitive information. FreeBSD Kernel is affected.

A local user can conduct cache side-channel attacks to exploit a flaw in the 'Lazy Floating Point Unit (FPU)' scheme where the kernel saves and restores FPU state during task switching to potentially determine FPU state bits.

System software that utilize the Lazy FPU state restore method to delay the restoring of state until an instruction operating on that state is actually executed by the new process is affected.

Julian Stecklina from Amazon Germany, Thomas Prescher from Cyberus Technology GmbH (https://www.cyberus-technology.de/), Zdenek Sojka from SYSGO AG (http://sysgo.com), and Colin Percival reported this vulnerability.

Impact:   A local user can obtain potentially sensitive FPU state information on the target system.
Solution:   FreeBSD has issued a fix for FreeBSD 11.x on i386 and amd64.

A fix is planned for 10.x.

The FreeBSD advisory is available at:

https://security.FreeBSD.org/advisories/FreeBSD-SA-18:07.lazyfpu.asc

Vendor URL:  security.FreeBSD.org/advisories/FreeBSD-SA-18:07.lazyfpu.asc (Links to External Site)
Cause:   Access control error, State error

Message History:   This archive entry is a follow-up to the message listed below.
Jun 14 2018 Intel Core-based Processors 'Lazy FPU Restore' Lets Local Users Obtain Potentially Sensitive FPU State Information on the Target System



 Source Message Contents

Subject:  FreeBSD Security Advisory FreeBSD-SA-18:07.lazyfpu

-----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE-----
Hash: SHA512

=============================================================================
FreeBSD-SA-18:07.lazyfpu                                    Security Advisory
                                                          The FreeBSD Project

Topic:          Lazy FPU State Restore Information Disclosure

Category:       core
Module:         kernel
Announced:      2018-06-21
Credits:        Julian Stecklina from Amazon Germany
                Thomas Prescher from Cyberus Technology GmbH
                Zdenek Sojka from SYSGO AG
                Colin Percival
Affects:        All supported version of FreeBSD.
Corrected:      2018-06-14 18:50:49 UTC (stable/11, 11.2-PRERELEASE)
                2018-06-15 13:21:37 UTC (releng/11.2, 11.2-RC3)
                2018-06-21 05:17:13 UTC (releng/11.1, 11.1-RELEASE-p11)
CVE Name:       CVE-2018-3665

Special Note:   This advisory only addresses this issue for FreeBSD 11.x on
                i386 and amd64.  We expect to update this advisory to include
                10.x in the near future.

For general information regarding FreeBSD Security Advisories,
including descriptions of the fields above, security branches, and the
following sections, please visit <URL:https://security.FreeBSD.org/>.

I.   Background

Modern CPUs have a floating point unit (FPU) which needs to maintain state
per thread.  One technique is to only save and to only restore the FPU state
for a thread when a thread attempts to utilize the FPU.  This technique is
called Lazy FPU state restore.

II.  Problem Description

A subset of Intel processors can allow a local thread to infer data from
another thread through a speculative execution side channel when Lazy FPU
state restore is used.

III. Impact

Any local thread can potentially read FPU state information from other
threads running on the host.  This could include cryptographic keys when the
AES-NI CPU feature is present.

IV.  Workaround

No workaround is available, but non-Intel branded CPUs are not believed
to be vulnerable.

V.   Solution

The patch changes from Lazy FPU state restore to Eager FPU state restore.
This new technique is the recommended practice from Intel and in some cases
can actually increase performance, depending on workload.

Perform one of the following:

1) Upgrade your vulnerable system to a supported FreeBSD stable or
release / security branch (releng) dated after the correction date.

Afterward, reboot the system.

2) To update your vulnerable system via a binary patch:

Systems running a RELEASE version of FreeBSD on the i386 or amd64
platforms can be updated via the freebsd-update(8) utility:

# freebsd-update fetch
# freebsd-update install

Afterward, reboot the system.

3) To update your vulnerable system via a source code patch:

The following patches have been verified to apply to the applicable
FreeBSD release branches.

a) Download the relevant patch from the location below, and verify the
detached PGP signature using your PGP utility.

[FreeBSD 11.1]
# fetch https://security.FreeBSD.org/patches/SA-18:07/lazyfpu-11.patch
# fetch https://security.FreeBSD.org/patches/SA-18:07/lazyfpu-11.patch.asc
# gpg --verify lazyfpu-11.patch.asc

b) Apply the patch.  Execute the following commands as root:

# cd /usr/src
# patch < /path/to/patch

c) Recompile your kernel as described in
<URL:https://www.FreeBSD.org/handbook/kernelconfig.html> and reboot the
system.

VI.  Correction details

The following list contains the correction revision numbers for each
affected branch.

Branch/path                                                      Revision
- -------------------------------------------------------------------------
stable/11/                                                        r335169
releng/11.2/                                                      r335196
releng/11.1/                                                      r335465
- -------------------------------------------------------------------------

To see which files were modified by a particular revision, run the
following command, replacing NNNNNN with the revision number, on a
machine with Subversion installed:

# svn diff -cNNNNNN --summarize svn://svn.freebsd.org/base

Or visit the following URL, replacing NNNNNN with the revision number:

<URL:https://svnweb.freebsd.org/base?view=revision&revision=NNNNNN>

VII. References

<URL:https://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/security-center/advisory/intel-sa-00145.html>

<URL:https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-3665>

The latest revision of this advisory is available at
<URL:https://security.FreeBSD.org/advisories/FreeBSD-SA-18:07.lazyfpu.asc>
-----BEGIN PGP SIGNATURE-----

iQKTBAEBCgB9FiEE/A6HiuWv54gCjWNV05eS9J6n5cIFAlsrN1hfFIAAAAAALgAo
aXNzdWVyLWZwckBub3RhdGlvbnMub3BlbnBncC5maWZ0aGhvcnNlbWFuLm5ldEZD
MEU4NzhBRTVBRkU3ODgwMjhENjM1NUQzOTc5MkY0OUVBN0U1QzIACgkQ05eS9J6n
5cJTLA/+Kt7QLkNCVudaiE+d+VMuC2f1aGhqoyd+36xL9rNsn2ShZhIo+gq1dhXn
2lJiOYCPN5cJkasj1YdP2bSIv25nTcFMp0rKOww0A1scOnzi66LAD+DXmGVUhmaA
MPyrnuL7rbuPq9ls9FGAO2XURwB9IrGYtqPuVWmNyn+HyKBYcGCkL5+UEnHeUCg8
oopJudZgrGBVMFCsqG6K/b+3uc397Hyq0PZzpyWFfkaxrbTwVMMwgWyTxIYaPVs7
2g7WK2JWjJNk0IWQGot9qpKYDRyxc9PPFX/0blwOLe1Wwrt5nEF+9av89HQJ6PXF
+Ws5w8Gnhi9wWuK19ew1j0nvP+f0zw09r4GuEzhZXADAz733HNK5dtsS/dMJi2wa
9fQ0s1joT3JFDvWZKUQS2mNuhpvBfYoI0d0OEJT2H2eycFYe4B+VNhB2V1e9wLn6
9X4+Vbc2LEOF09klQQFMYNMEyQzLtfq2gHIoD37sCw9mMrYKWjgy3NhY5AKrfGHG
OcBsvnaXCW/x9/kV9Pfoel/psrmjcQdp4QEKAZbRNwvJG5sGhtsQXTp0Nk+BCuVy
G0NNB9306dLfk0OTZ02SiOUjVagXObyo+LgWTBO6FryDlHVkopsYNkB5oRx9fLrm
68r7OXidl0ndGqnh87meMVH1/Fu/rr09Jd4osIzS+Gc0Dt7NOEQ=
=8fnI
-----END PGP SIGNATURE-----
 
 


Go to the Top of This SecurityTracker Archive Page





Home   |    View Topics   |    Search   |    Contact Us

This web site uses cookies for web analytics. Learn More

Copyright 2019, SecurityGlobal.net LLC