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FreeBSD IPsec Processing Bugs Let Remote Users Cause the Target System to Crash
SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1040460|
SecurityTracker URL: http://securitytracker.com/id/1040460
(Links to External Site)
Date: Mar 7 2018
Denial of service via network|
Fix Available: Yes Vendor Confirmed: Yes |
Version(s): 10.3, 10.4, 11.1|
A vulnerability was reported in FreeBSD. A remote user can cause the target system to crash.|
A remote user on a trusted host can send a specially crafted IP packet to trigger a kernel panic and cause the target system to crash.
Systems that use IPsec are affected.
A remote user can also send a specially crafted packet to trigger a use-after-free memory error in the IPsec Authentication Header (AH) with unpredictable impact.
Maxime Villard reported this vulnerability.
A remote user can cause the target system to crash.|
FreeBSD has issued a fix.|
The FreeBSD advisory is available at:
Vendor URL: security.FreeBSD.org/advisories/FreeBSD-SA-18:01.ipsec.asc (Links to External Site)
Input validation error, State error|
Source Message Contents
Subject: FreeBSD Security Advisory FreeBSD-SA-18:01.ipsec|
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FreeBSD-SA-18:01.ipsec Security Advisory
The FreeBSD Project
Topic: ipsec validation and use-after-free
Credits: Maxime Villard
Affects: All supported versions of FreeBSD.
Corrected: 2018-02-24 13:04:02 UTC (stable/11, 11.1-STABLE)
2018-03-07 05:53:35 UTC (releng/11.1, 11.1-RELEASE-p7)
2018-03-07 05:47:48 UTC (stable/10, 10.4-STABLE)
2018-03-07 05:53:35 UTC (releng/10.4, 10.4-RELEASE-p6)
2018-03-07 05:53:35 UTC (releng/10.3, 10.3-RELEASE-p27)
CVE Name: CVE-2018-6916
For general information regarding FreeBSD Security Advisories,
including descriptions of the fields above, security branches, and the
following sections, please visit <URL:https://security.FreeBSD.org/>.
The IPsec suite of protocols provide network level security for IPv4 and IPv6
packets. FreeBSD includes software originally developed by the KAME project
which implements the various protocols that make up IPsec.
In IPsec, the IP Authentication Header (AH) is used to provide protection
against replay attacks and connectionless integrity and data origin
authentication for IP datagrams.
II. Problem Description
Due to a lack of strict checking, an attacker from a trusted host can
send a specially constructed IP packet that may lead to a system crash.
Additionally, a use-after-free vulnerability in the AH handling code could
cause unpredictable results.
Access to out of bounds or freed mbuf data can lead to a kernel panic or
other unpredictable results.
No workaround is available, but systems not using IPsec are not vulnerable.
Perform one of the following:
1) Upgrade your vulnerable system to a supported FreeBSD stable or
release / security branch (releng) dated after the correction date.
And reboot the system.
2) To update your vulnerable system via a binary patch:
Systems running a RELEASE version of FreeBSD on the i386 or amd64
platforms can be updated via the freebsd-update(8) utility:
# freebsd-update fetch
# freebsd-update install
And reboot the system
3) To update your vulnerable system via a source code patch:
The following patches have been verified to apply to the applicable
FreeBSD release branches.
a) Download the relevant patch from the location below, and verify the
detached PGP signature using your PGP utility.
# fetch https://security.FreeBSD.org/patches/SA-18:01/ipsec-10.patch
# fetch https://security.FreeBSD.org/patches/SA-18:01/ipsec-10.patch.asc
# gpg --verify ipsec-10.patch.asc
# fetch https://security.FreeBSD.org/patches/SA-18:01/ipsec-11.patch
# fetch https://security.FreeBSD.org/patches/SA-18:01/ipsec-11.patch.asc
# gpg --verify ipsec-11.patch.asc
b) Apply the patch. Execute the following commands as root:
# cd /usr/src
# patch < /path/to/patch
c) Recompile your kernel as described in
<URL:https://www.FreeBSD.org/handbook/kernelconfig.html> and reboot the
VI. Correction details
The following list contains the correction revision numbers for each
To see which files were modified by a particular revision, run the
following command, replacing NNNNNN with the revision number, on a
machine with Subversion installed:
# svn diff -cNNNNNN --summarize svn://svn.freebsd.org/base
Or visit the following URL, replacing NNNNNN with the revision number:
The latest revision of this advisory is available at
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