FreeBSD patch(1) Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Commands on the Target System
SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1033110|
SecurityTracker URL: http://securitytracker.com/id/1033110
(Links to External Site)
Date: Jul 29 2015
Execution of arbitrary code via network, User access via network|
Fix Available: Yes Vendor Confirmed: Yes |
Version(s): 10.1, 10.2|
A vulnerability was reported in FreeBSD patch(1). A remote user can cause arbitrary commands to be executed on the target system.|
The patch(1) utility does not properly sanitize the input patch stream. A remote user can create a specially crafted patch file that, when processed by the taret user via patch(1), will run shell commands (in addition to running valid version control system commands) with the privileges of the target user.
Martin Natano reported this vulnerability.
A remote user can cause arbitrary commands to be executed on the target user's system.|
FreeBSD has issued a fix.|
The FreeBSD advisory is available at:
Vendor URL: security.FreeBSD.org/advisories/FreeBSD-SA-15:14.bsdpatch.asc (Links to External Site)
Input validation error|
Source Message Contents
Subject: FreeBSD Security Advisory FreeBSD-SA-15:14.bsdpatch|
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FreeBSD-SA-15:14.bsdpatch Security Advisory
The FreeBSD Project
Topic: shell injection vulnerability in patch(1)
Credits: Martin Natano
Affects: FreeBSD 10.x.
Corrected: 2015-07-28 19:58:44 UTC (stable/10, 10.2-PRERELEASE)
2015-07-28 19:58:44 UTC (stable/10, 10.2-BETA2-p2)
2015-07-28 19:59:04 UTC (releng/10.2, 10.2-RC1-p1)
2015-07-28 19:59:11 UTC (releng/10.1, 10.1-RELEASE-p16)
CVE Name: CVE-2015-1416
For general information regarding FreeBSD Security Advisories,
including descriptions of the fields above, security branches, and the
following sections, please visit <URL:https://security.FreeBSD.org/>.
The patch(1) utility takes a patch file produced by the diff(1) program and
apply the differences to an original file, producing a patched version.
The patch(1) utility supports certain version control systems, namely SCCS
and RCS, and attempts to get or check out the file before applying a patch,
if the original file do not already exist.
II. Problem Description
Due to insufficient sanitization of the input patch stream, it is possible
for a patch file to cause patch(1) to run commands in addition to the desired
SCCS or RCS commands.
This issue could be exploited to execute arbitrary commands as the user
invoking patch(1) against a specically crafted patch file, which could be
leveraged to obtain elevated privileges.
No workaround is available, but systems where a privileged user does not
make use of patches without proper validation are not affected.
Perform one of the following:
1) Upgrade your vulnerable system to a supported FreeBSD stable or
release / security branch (releng) dated after the correction date.
A reboot is not required after updating.
2) To update your vulnerable system via a binary patch:
Systems running a RELEASE version of FreeBSD on the i386 or amd64
platforms can be updated via the freebsd-update(8) utility:
# freebsd-update fetch
# freebsd-update install
A reboot is not required after updating.
3) To update your vulnerable system via a source code patch:
The following patches have been verified to apply to the applicable
FreeBSD release branches.
a) Download the relevant patch from the location below, and verify the
detached PGP signature using your PGP utility.
# fetch https://security.FreeBSD.org/patches/SA-15:14/bsdpatch.patch
# fetch https://security.FreeBSD.org/patches/SA-15:14/bsdpatch.patch.asc
# gpg --verify bsdpatch.patch.asc
b) Apply the patch. Execute the following commands as root:
# cd /usr/src
# patch < /path/to/patch
c) Recompile the operating system using buildworld and installworld as
described in <URL:https://www.FreeBSD.org/handbook/makeworld.html>.
VI. Correction details
The following list contains the correction revision numbers for each
To see which files were modified by a particular revision, run the
following command, replacing NNNNNN with the revision number, on a
machine with Subversion installed:
# svn diff -cNNNNNN --summarize svn://svn.freebsd.org/base
Or visit the following URL, replacing NNNNNN with the revision number:
The latest revision of this advisory is available at
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