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Category:   Application (VPN)  >   OpenSSL Vendors:   OpenSSL.org
(FreeBSD Issues Fix) OpenSSL Bugs Let Remote Users Deny Service and Potentially Execute Arbitrary Code
SecurityTracker Alert ID:  1032573
SecurityTracker URL:  http://securitytracker.com/id/1032573
CVE Reference:   CVE-2014-8176, CVE-2015-1788, CVE-2015-1789, CVE-2015-1790, CVE-2015-1792   (Links to External Site)
Date:  Jun 12 2015
Impact:   Denial of service via network, Execution of arbitrary code via network, User access via network
Fix Available:  Yes  Vendor Confirmed:  Yes  
Version(s): 0.9.8, 1.0.0, 1.0.1, 1.0.2
Description:   Multiple vulnerabilities were reported in OpenSSL. A remote user can cause denial of service conditions on the target system. A remote authenticated user may be able to execute arbitrary code on the target system.

A remote authenticated user can send specially crafted application data to a connected DTLS peer between the ChangeCipherSpec and Finished messages to trigger an invalid memory free and cause a segmentation fault or memory corruption error and potentially execute arbitrary code [CVE-2014-8176]. Versions 0.9.8 prior to 0.9.8za, 1.0.0 prior to 1.0.0m, and 1.0.1 prior to 1.0.1h are affected.

Praveen Kariyanahalli and Ivan Fratric and Felix Groebert of Google separately reported this vulnerability.

A remote user can send specially crafted ECParameters to cause the target service to enter an infinite loop [CVE-2015-1788]. Applications that process public keys, certificate requests, or certificates are affected. TLS clients and TLS servers with client authentication enabled are affected. Versions 1.0.1 and 1.0.2 are affected.

Joseph Birr-Pixton reported this vulnerability on April 6, 2015.

A remote user can create a specially crafted certificate or certificate revocation list (CRL) that, when processed by the target application, will trigger an out-of-bound memory read in X509_cmp_time() and cause a segmentation fault [CVE-2015-1789]. TLS clients that verify CRLs are affected. TLS clients and servers with client authentication enabled and that use custom verification callbacks may be affected.

Robert Swiecki of Google reported this vulnerability on April 8, 2015 and Hanno Bock independently reported this vulnerability on April 11, 2015.

A remote user can create specially crafted ASN.1-encoded PKCS#7 data with a missing EnvelopedContent component to trigger a null pointer dereference [CVE-2015-1790]. Applications that decrypt or parse PKCS#7 data from untrusted sources are affected. OpenSSL clients and servers are not affected. The impact was not specified.

Michal Zalewski of Google reported this vulnerability on April 18, 2015.

A remote user can create a specially crafted signedData message that specifies an unknown hash function OID to trigger an infinite loop in the CMS code [CVE-2015-1792]. Applications that verify signedData messages using the CMS code are affected.

Johannes Bauer reported this vulnerability on March 31, 2015.

Impact:   A remote user can cause the target application to crash or enter an infinite loop.

A remote authenticated user may be able to execute arbitrary code on the target system.

The impact of one vulnerability was not disclosed.

Solution:   FreeBSD has issued a fix.

The FreeBSD advisory is available at:

https://security.FreeBSD.org/advisories/FreeBSD-SA-15:10.openssl.asc

Vendor URL:  openssl.org/news/secadv_20150611.txt (Links to External Site)
Cause:   Access control error, Boundary error, Not specified, State error
Underlying OS:  UNIX (FreeBSD)
Underlying OS Comments:  8.4, 9.3, 10.1

Message History:   This archive entry is a follow-up to the message listed below.
Jun 11 2015 OpenSSL Bugs Let Remote Users Deny Service and Potentially Execute Arbitrary Code



 Source Message Contents

Subject:  FreeBSD Security Advisory FreeBSD-SA-15:10.openssl

-----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE-----
Hash: SHA512

=============================================================================
FreeBSD-SA-15:10.openssl                                    Security Advisory
                                                          The FreeBSD Project

Topic:          Multiple OpenSSL vulnerabilities

Category:       contrib
Module:         openssl
Announced:      2015-06-12
Affects:        All supported versions of FreeBSD.
Corrected:      2015-06-11 19:07:45 UTC (stable/10, 10.1-STABLE)
                2015-06-12 07:23:55 UTC (releng/10.1, 10.1-RELEASE-p12)
                2015-06-11 19:39:27 UTC (stable/9, 9.3-STABLE)
                2015-06-12 07:23:55 UTC (releng/9.3, 9.3-RELEASE-p16)
                2015-06-11 19:39:27 UTC (stable/8, 8.4-STABLE)
                2015-06-12 07:23:55 UTC (releng/8.4, 8.4-RELEASE-p30)
CVE Name:       CVE-2015-1788, CVE-2015-1789, CVE-2015-1790, CVE-2015-1791
                CVE-2015-1792, CVE-2015-4000

For general information regarding FreeBSD Security Advisories,
including descriptions of the fields above, security branches, and the
following sections, please visit <URL:https://security.FreeBSD.org/>.

I.   Background

FreeBSD includes software from the OpenSSL Project.  The OpenSSL Project is
a collaborative effort to develop a robust, commercial-grade, full-featured
Open Source toolkit implementing the Secure Sockets Layer (SSL v2/v3)
and Transport Layer Security (TLS v1) protocols as well as a full-strength
general purpose cryptography library.

II.  Problem Description

A vulnerability in the TLS protocol would allow a man-in-the-middle
attacker to downgrade vulnerable TLS connections using ephemeral
Diffie-Hellman key exchange to 512-bit export-grade cryptography.
This vulnerability is also known as Logjam [CVE-2015-4000].

When processing an ECParameters structure OpenSSL enters an infinite
loop if the curve specified is over a specially malformed binary
polynomial field. [CVE-2015-1788]

X509_cmp_time does not properly check the length of the ASN1_TIME
string and can read a few bytes out of bounds. In addition,
X509_cmp_time accepts an arbitrary number of fractional seconds in
the time string. [CVE-2015-1789]

The PKCS#7 parsing code does not handle missing inner EncryptedContent
correctly.  [CVE-2015-1790]

When verifying a signedData message the CMS code can enter an infinite
loop if presented with an unknown hash function OID. [CVE-2015-1792]

If a NewSessionTicket is received by a multi-threaded client when
attempting to reuse a previous ticket then a race condition can occur,
potentially leading to a double free of the ticket data. [CVE-2015-1791]

The OpenSSL advisory also describes a problem that is identified as
CVE-2014-8176, which is already fixed by an earlier FreeBSD Errata
Notice, FreeBSD-EN-15:02.openssl.

III. Impact

A man-in-the-middle attacker may be able to downgrade vulnerable TLS
connections using ephemeral Diffie-Hellman key exchange to 512-bit
export-grade cryptography. [CVE-2015-4000].  On FreeBSD 10.1, the
patch contains a countermeasure for clients by rejecting handshakes
with DH parameters shorter than 768 bits.

An attacker who is able to use a certificate to authenticate with
a remote system perform denial of service against any system which
processes public keys, certificate requests or certificates.
[CVE-2015-1788].  This affects FreeBSD 10.1 only, as the problem
was no longer exist in OpenSSL 0.9.8 series since July 2012.

An attacker can use the CVE-2015-1789 issue by using specifically
crafted certificates and CRLs of various sizes and potentially
cause a segmentation fault, resulting in a DoS on applications that
verify certificates or CRLs.

An attacker who can create specifically crafted malformed ASN.1-encoded
PKCS#7 blobs with missing content and trigger a NULL pointer dereference
on parsing. [CVE-2015-1790].  Applications that decrypt PKCS#7 data
or otherwise parse PKCS#7 structures from untrusted sources are
affected. OpenSSL clients and servers are not affected.

An attacker can perform denial of service against any system which
verifies signedData messages using the CMS code. [CVE-2015-1792]

An attacker may be able to crash multi-thread applications that
supports resumed TLS handshakes. [CVE-2015-1791]

IV.  Workaround

No workaround is available.

V.   Solution

Perform one of the following:

1) Upgrade your vulnerable system to a supported FreeBSD stable or
release / security branch (releng) dated after the correction date.

2) To update your vulnerable system via a binary patch:

Systems running a RELEASE version of FreeBSD on the i386 or amd64
platforms can be updated via the freebsd-update(8) utility:

# freebsd-update fetch
# freebsd-update install

3) To update your vulnerable system via a source code patch:

The following patches have been verified to apply to the applicable
FreeBSD release branches.

a) Download the relevant patch from the location below, and verify the
detached PGP signature using your PGP utility.

[FreeBSD 10.1]
# fetch https://security.FreeBSD.org/patches/SA-15:10/openssl-10.1.patch
# fetch https://security.FreeBSD.org/patches/SA-15:10/openssl-10.1.patch.asc
# gpg --verify openssl-10.1.patch.asc

[FreeBSD 9.3 and 8.4]
# fetch https://security.FreeBSD.org/patches/SA-15:10/openssl-8.4.patch
# fetch https://security.FreeBSD.org/patches/SA-15:10/openssl-8.4.patch.asc
# gpg --verify openssl-8.4.patch.asc

b) Apply the patch.  Execute the following commands as root:

# cd /usr/src
# patch < /path/to/patch

c) Recompile the operating system using buildworld and installworld as
described in <URL:https://www.FreeBSD.org/handbook/makeworld.html>.

Restart all deamons using the library, or reboot the system.

VI.  Correction details

The following list contains the correction revision numbers for each
affected branch.

Branch/path                                                      Revision
- -------------------------------------------------------------------------
stable/8/                                                         r284286
releng/8.4/                                                       r284295
stable/9/                                                         r284286
releng/9.3/                                                       r284295
stable/10/                                                        r284285
releng/10.1/                                                      r284295
- -------------------------------------------------------------------------

To see which files were modified by a particular revision, run the
following command, replacing NNNNNN with the revision number, on a
machine with Subversion installed:

# svn diff -cNNNNNN --summarize svn://svn.freebsd.org/base

Or visit the following URL, replacing NNNNNN with the revision number:

<URL:https://svnweb.freebsd.org/base?view=revision&revision=NNNNNN>

VII. References

<URL:https://www.openssl.org/news/secadv_20150611.txt>

<URL:https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2015-1788> 

<URL:https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2015-1789>

<URL:https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2015-1790>

<URL:https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2015-1791>

<URL:https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2015-1792>

<URL:https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2015-4000>

The latest revision of this advisory is available at
<URL:https://security.FreeBSD.org/advisories/FreeBSD-SA-15:10.openssl.asc>
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