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Category:   Application (Forum/Board/Portal)  >   WoltLab Burning Board (wBB) Vendors:   Woltlab
WoltLab Burning Board (wBB) 'sid' or 'wbb2_lastvisit' Cookie Parameters Permit Session Fixation Attacks
SecurityTracker Alert ID:  1016572
SecurityTracker URL:  http://securitytracker.com/id/1016572
CVE Reference:   GENERIC-MAP-NOMATCH   (Links to External Site)
Date:  Jul 25 2006
Impact:   Modification of user information
Exploit Included:  Yes  
Version(s): 2.2.2 and prior versions
Description:   A vulnerability was reported in WoltLab Burning Board (wBB). A remote user can conduct session fixation attacks.

If register_globals is enabled, a remote user can set a specially crafted cookie value to set the target user's session data to a predefined value. In versions 1.x, the 'sid' variable can be set. In versions 2.x, the 'wbb2_lastvisit' variable can be set to a predefined value.

Once the target user accesses the target web site using the predefined values, the remote user can hijack the session.

The parameter values must be set on the target user's system (using another vulnerability, for example).

The original advisory is available at:

http://www.majorsecurity.de/advisory/major_rls26.txt

David Vieira-Kurz of MajorSecurity discovered this vulnerability.

Impact:   A remote user can conduct session fixation attacks.
Solution:   No solution was available at the time of this entry.
Vendor URL:  www.woltlab.com/ (Links to External Site)
Cause:   Authentication error
Underlying OS:  Linux (Any), UNIX (Any), Windows (Any)

Message History:   None.


 Source Message Contents

Subject:  [MajorSecurity #26] Woltlab Burning Board - Multiple Cookie

[MajorSecurity #26] Woltlab Burning Board - Multiple Cookie manipulation and session fixation vulnerabilities
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Software: Woltlab Burning board

Impact: Cookie manipulation and Session Fixation

Made public: July, 23th 2006 

Vendor: WoltLab GmbH

Page: http://www.woltlab.de

Credits:
----------------------------------------------
Discovered by: David Vieira-Kurz
http://www.majorsecurity.de

Original Advisory:
----------------------------------------------
http://www.majorsecurity.de/advisory/major_rls26.txt

Affected products:
-------------------------------------------------
Woltlab Burning board 1.1.1
Woltlab Burning Board 1.2
Woltlab Burning Board 2.1.3
Woltlab Burning Board 2.1.5
Woltlab Burning Board 2.2
Woltlab Burning Board 2.2.1
Woltlab Burning Board 2.2.2
Other versions may also be affected...

Requirements:
-------------------------------------------------
register_globals = On 

Cookie manipulation and session fixation attack:
-------------------------------------------------
Classification:
Session Fixation is an attack technique that forces a user's session ID to an explicit value. 
Depending on the functionality of the target web site, a number of techniques can be utilized to "fix" the session ID value.
These techniques range from Cross-site Scripting exploits to peppering the web site with previously made HTTP requests. 
After a user's session ID has been fixed, the attacker will wait for them to login. 
Once the user does so, the attacker uses the predefined session ID value to assume their online identity. 

Vulnerability:
-------------------------------------------------
WBB 1.1.1 and 1.2:
	The Cookie variable "sid" can be set to something like:

	1. <meta+http-equiv='Set-cookie'+content='cookiename=cookievalue'>;sthreads=a%253A1%253A%257Bi%253A0%253BN%253B%257D
	2. sid=>'><script>alert(123456789)</script>;sthreads=a%253A1%253A%257Bi%253A0%253BN%253B%257D  // XSS is possible
	3. Cookie: sid='";sthreads=a%253A1%253A%257Bi%253A0%253BN%253B%257D // SQL-Injection could be possible

WBB 2.1.x and 2.2.x:
	The Cookie variable "wbb2_lastvisit" can be set to something like:

Cookie: wbb2_cookiehash=0bb23efeb1a979d68027994ecb29fc48;wbb2_lastvisit=>'><script>alert(123456789)</script>;wbb2_hidecats=a%253A1%253A%257Bi%253A19%253Bi%253A0%253B%257D
 // XSS is possible
Cookie: wbb2_cookiehash=0bb23efeb1a979d68027994ecb29fc48;wbb2_lastvisit=%00';wbb2_hidecats=a%253A1%253A%257Bi%253A19%253Bi%253A0%253B%257D


Solutions:
-------------------------------------------------
1. Do not accept session identifiers from GET / POST variables:
	Session identifiers in URL (query string, GET variables) or POST variables are not recommended as it simplifies this attack - it
 is easy to make links or forms which sets GET / POST variables.

2.Regenerate SID on each request:
	A powerful countermeassure against session fixation is to "regenerate" session identifier (SID) on each request. 
	This means that although attacker may trick a user into accepting a known SID, the SID will be invalid when attacker attempts to
 re-use the SID.

3. Accept only server generated SID:
	One way to improve security is to not accept session identifiers not generated by server.

	if ( ! is_set( $_SESSION['SERVER_GENERATED_SID'] ) ) {
	   session_destroy(); // destroy all data in session
	}
	session_regenerate_id(); // generate a new session identifier
	$_SESSION['SERVER_GENERATED_SID'] = true;


References:
-------------------------------------------------
http://www.acrossecurity.com/papers/session_fixation.pdf
http://www.webappsec.org/projects/threat/classes/session_fixation.shtml
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Session_fixation

 
 


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