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Category:   Application (Security)  >   Clam AntiVirus Vendors:   clamav.sourceforge.net
Clam AntiVirus cli_scanszdd() and ENSURE_BITS() Errors Let Remote Users Deny Service
SecurityTracker Alert ID:  1014332
SecurityTracker URL:  http://securitytracker.com/id/1014332
CVE Reference:   CVE-2005-1922, CVE-2005-1923   (Links to External Site)
Date:  Jun 29 2005
Impact:   Denial of service via network
Fix Available:  Yes  Vendor Confirmed:  Yes  
Version(s): prior to 0.86
Description:   iDEFENSE reported two vulnerabilities in Clam AntiVirus. A remote user can cause denial of service conditions.

The cli_scanszdd() function in 'libclamav/scanners.c' contains a file descriptor leak and a memory leak [CVE: CVE-2005-1922]. A remote user can create multiple, specially crafted archives that, when processed by Clam AntiVirus on the target system, will consume all available file descriptors and/or memory on the target system. Sending approximately 1000 files can result in denial of service conditions.

The ENSURE_BITS() macro in 'libclamav/mspack/mszipd.c' does not properly validate user-supplied cabinet file header data [CVE: CVE-2005-1922]. A remote user can create a specially crafted CAB file with a cffile_FolderOffset set to 0xff to cause the application to enter an infinite loop.

The vendor was notified on June 7, 2005.

Impact:   A remote user can cause denial of service conditions on the target system.
Solution:   The vendor has issued a fixed version (0.86), available at:

http://www.clamav.net/stable.php#pagestart

Vendor URL:  clamav.sourceforge.net/ (Links to External Site)
Cause:   Input validation error, State error
Underlying OS:  Linux (Any), UNIX (Any)

Message History:   None.


 Source Message Contents

Subject:  iDEFENSE Security Advisory 06.29.05: Clam AntiVirus ClamAV


Clam AntiVirus ClamAV MS-Expand File Handling DoS Vulnerability 

iDEFENSE Security Advisory 06.29.05
www.idefense.com/application/poi/display?id=276&type=vulnerabilities
June 29, 2005

I. BACKGROUND

Clam AntiVirus is a GPL anti-virus toolkit for Unix.

II. DESCRIPTION

Remote exploitation of an input validation error in Clam AntiVirus 
ClamAV allows attackers to cause a denial of service condition. 

The vulnerability specifically exists due to improper behavior during 
exceptional conditions. The following piece of code from 
libclamav/scanners.c shows where the vulnerability exists: 


    static int cli_scanszdd(...)
    {
      [...]
      FILE *tmp = NULL, *in;

      cli_dbgmsg("in cli_scanmscomp()\n");

      if((in = fdopen(dup(desc), "rb")) == NULL) {
        cli_dbgmsg("SZDD: Can't open descriptor %d\n", desc);
        return CL_EMSCOMP;
      }

      if((tmp = tmpfile()) == NULL) {
        cli_dbgmsg("SZDD: Can't generate temporary file.\n");
        fclose(in);
        return CL_ETMPFILE;
      }

      if(cli_msexpand(in, tmp) == -1) {
        cli_dbgmsg("SZDD: msexpand failed.\n");
        return CL_EMSCOMP;
      }

      [...]
    }


Each time the cli_msexpand() function fails , two file descriptors ('in'

and 'tmp') are leaked. As they are both opened using fopen(), there is 
also a memory leak (2 * 364 bytes). This allows an attacker to exhaust 
all of the available file descriptors fairly quickly with around 1,000 
malformed files.

III. ANALYSIS

Successful exploitation allows attackers to exhaust file descriptors 
pool and memory. Anti-virus detection functionality will fail if there 
is no file descriptors available with which to open files. Remote 
exploitation can be achieved by sending a malicious file in an e-mail 
message or during an HTTP session.

IV. DETECTION

iDEFENSE has confirmed the existence of this vulnerability in ClamAV 
0.83. It is suspected that all versions of ClamAV prior to 0.86 are
vulnerable. 

The following vendors distribute susceptible ClamAV packages within 
their respective operating system distributions:

	FreeBSD Project: FreeBSD 5.4 and prior
	Gentoo Foundation Inc.: Gentoo Linux 1.1a, 1.2, 1.4, 2004.0,
2004.1
     and 2004.2
	Mandrakesoft SA: Mandrakelinux 10.1 and Corporate Server 3.0
	Novell Inc.: SuSE Linux 9.1, 9.2 

V. WORKAROUND

As a temporary workaround solution, scanning of archive files can be 
disabled by supplying the --no-archive flag; however, this will 
significantly impact the effectiveness of the AV engine.

VI. VENDOR RESPONSE

This vulnerability has been patched in clamav 0.86 which is available
for download at:

   http://www.clamav.net/stable.php#pagestart

VII. CVE INFORMATION

The Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) project has assigned the
name CAN-2005-1922 to this issue. This is a candidate for inclusion in
the CVE list (http://cve.mitre.org), which standardizes names for
security problems.

VIII. DISCLOSURE TIMELINE

06/07/2005  Initial vendor notification
06/08/2005  Initial vendor response
06/29/2005  Public disclosure

IX. CREDIT

The discoverer of this vulnerability wishes to remain anonymous.

Get paid for vulnerability research
http://www.idefense.com/poi/teams/vcp.jsp

Free tools, research and upcoming events
http://labs.idefense.com

X. LEGAL NOTICES

Copyright (c) 2005 iDEFENSE, Inc.

Permission is granted for the redistribution of this alert
electronically. It may not be edited in any way without the express
written consent of iDEFENSE. If you wish to reprint the whole or any
part of this alert in any other medium other than electronically, please
email customerservice@idefense.com for permission.

Disclaimer: The information in the advisory is believed to be accurate
at the time of publishing based on currently available information. Use
of the information constitutes acceptance for use in an AS IS condition.
There are no warranties with regard to this information. Neither the
author nor the publisher accepts any liability for any direct, indirect,
or consequential loss or damage arising from use of, or reliance on,
this information.


-----


Clam AntiVirus ClamAV Cabinet File Handling DoS Vulnerability

iDEFENSE Security Advisory 06.29.05
www.idefense.com/application/poi/display?id=275&type=vulnerabilities
June 29, 2005

I. BACKGROUND

Clam AntiVirus is a GPL anti-virus toolkit for Unix.

II. DESCRIPTION

Remote exploitation of an input validation error in Clam AntiVirus 
ClamAV allows attackers to cause a denial of service condition. The
cabinet file format  is a Microsoft archive format used for distributing
Microsoft software.

The vulnerability specifically exists due to insufficient validation on
cabinet file header data. The ENSURE_BITS() macro fails to check for 
zero length reads, allowing a carefully constructed cabinet file to 
cause an infinite loop. The ENSURE_BITS() macro is executed indirectly 
through the READ_BITS macro and is called from the mszipd_compress 
function. The vulnerable code from libclamav/mspack/mszipd.c is 
detailed below:

#define ENSURE_BITS(nbits) do {                                        \
  while (bits_left < (nbits)) {                                        \
    if (i_ptr >= i_end) {                                              \
      if (zipd_read_input(zip)) return zip->error;                     \
      i_ptr = zip->i_ptr;                                              \
      i_end = zip->i_end;                                              \
    }                                                                  \
    bit_buffer |= *i_ptr++ << bits_left; bits_left  += 8;              \
  }                                                                    \
} while (0)

#define READ_BITS(val, nbits) do {                                     \
  ENSURE_BITS(nbits); (val) = PEEK_BITS(nbits); REMOVE_BITS(nbits);    \
} while (0)

static int zipd_read_input(struct mszipd_stream *zip) {
  int read = zip->sys->read(zip->input, 
  				&zip->inbuf[0], (int)zip->inbuf_size);
  if (read < 0) return zip->error = MSPACK_ERR_READ;
  zip->i_ptr = &zip->inbuf[0];
  zip->i_end = &zip->inbuf[read];

  return MSPACK_ERR_OK;
}

int mszipd_decompress(...)
{
  [...]
  do {
    READ_BITS(i, 8);
    if (i == 'C') state = 1;
    else if ((state == 1) && (i == 'K')) state = 2;
    else state = 0;
  } while (state != 2);
  [...]
}

Modification of the cffile_FolderOffset to 0xff in a CAB file can cause 
a read of zero, resulting in the infinite loop.

III. ANALYSIS

ClamAV is used in a number of mail gateway products. Successful 
exploitation requires an attacker to send a specially constructed CAB
file  through a mail gateway or personal anti-virus client utilizing the

ClamAV scanning engine. The infinate loop will cause the ClamAV 
software to use all available processor resources, resulting in a 
denial of service or severe degradation to system performance. Remote 
exploitation can be achieved by sending a malicious file in an e-mail 
message or during an HTTP session.

IV. DETECTION

iDEFENSE has confirmed the existence of this vulnerability in ClamAV 
0.83. It is suspected that all versions of ClamAV prior to 0.86 are
vulnerable.

The following vendors distribute susceptible ClamAV packages within 
their respective operating system distributions:

	FreeBSD Project: FreeBSD 5.4 and prior
	Gentoo Foundation Inc.: Gentoo Linux 1.1a, 1.2, 1.4, 2004.0,
2004.1
     and 2004.2
	Mandrakesoft SA: Mandrakelinux 10.1 and Corporate Server 3.0
	Novell Inc.: SuSE Linux 9.1, 9.2 

V. WORKAROUND

As a temporary workaround solution, scanning of archive files can be 
disabled by supplying the --no-archive flag; however, this will 
significantly impact the effectiveness of the AV engine.

VI. VENDOR RESPONSE

This vulnerability has been patched in clamav 0.86 which is available
for download at:

   http://www.clamav.net/stable.php#pagestart

VII. CVE INFORMATION

The Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) project has assigned the
name CAN-2005-1923 to this issue. This is a candidate for inclusion in
the CVE list (http://cve.mitre.org), which standardizes names for
security problems.

VIII. DISCLOSURE TIMELINE

06/07/2005  Initial vendor notification
06/08/2005  Initial vendor response
06/29/2005  Public disclosure

IX. CREDIT

The discoverer of this vulnerability wishes to remain anonymous.

Get paid for vulnerability research
http://www.idefense.com/poi/teams/vcp.jsp

Free tools, research and upcoming events
http://labs.idefense.com

X. LEGAL NOTICES

Copyright (c) 2005 iDEFENSE, Inc.

Permission is granted for the redistribution of this alert
electronically. It may not be edited in any way without the express
written consent of iDEFENSE. If you wish to reprint the whole or any
part of this alert in any other medium other than electronically, please
email customerservice@idefense.com for permission.

Disclaimer: The information in the advisory is believed to be accurate
at the time of publishing based on currently available information. Use
of the information constitutes acceptance for use in an AS IS condition.
There are no warranties with regard to this information. Neither the
author nor the publisher accepts any liability for any direct, indirect,
or consequential loss or damage arising from use of, or reliance on,
this information.
 
 


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