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Category:   Application (E-mail Server)  >   Kerio MailServer Vendors:   Kerio Technologies
Kerio MailServer Default Configuration Lets Certain Local Users Modify the Application and the Settings
SecurityTracker Alert ID:  1012524
SecurityTracker URL:  http://securitytracker.com/id/1012524
CVE Reference:   CVE-2004-1023   (Links to External Site)
Date:  Dec 15 2004
Impact:   Execution of arbitrary code via local system, Modification of system information, Modification of user information, Root access via local system
Fix Available:  Yes  Vendor Confirmed:  Yes  
Version(s): prior to 6.0.5
Description:   A vulnerability was reported in the Kerio MailServer. A local user with certain privileges may be able to modify the configuration of the server or the mail server application itself.

The Secure Computer Group at the University of a Coruna and the dotpi.com Information Technologies Research Labs reported that the application is installed by default in the 'Program Files' directory, which can be accessed by default by local users in the 'Power Users' user group. These local users can modify application binaries (that run as services with Local System privileges), install malicious DLL plug-ins, or modify the configuration.

The vendor was notified on November 8, 2004.

Javier Munoz of Secure Computer Group is credited with discovering this flaw.

Impact:   A local user in the 'Power Users' user group can modify application binaries, install malicious DLL plug-ins, or modify the configuration files.
Solution:   The vendor has issued a fixed version (6.0.5) of the Kerio MailServer, available at:

http://www.kerio.com/kms_download.html

Vendor URL:  www.kerio.com/ (Links to External Site)
Cause:   Access control error, Configuration error
Underlying OS:  Linux (Red Hat Enterprise), Linux (Red Hat Fedora), Linux (Red Hat Linux), Linux (SuSE), UNIX (macOS/OS X), Windows (2000), Windows (2003), Windows (XP)

Message History:   None.


 Source Message Contents

Subject:  [CVE-2004-1023] Insecure default file system permissions on Microsoft


______________________________________________________________________


            Secure Computer Group - University of A Coruna
                    http://research.tic.udc.es/scg/

                               -- x --

           dotpi.com Information Technologies Research Labs
                         http://www.dotpi.com

______________________________________________________________________

ID:                        #20041214-2
Document title:            Insecure default file system permissions on
                            Microsoft versions of Kerio Software 

Document revision:         1.0

Coordinated release date:  2004/12/14
Vendor Acknowledge date:   2004/11/10
Reported date:             2004/11/08

CVE Name:                  CAN-2004-1023

Other references:          N/A
______________________________________________________________________

Summary:

   Impact:                  Privilege escalation
                            System sofware tampering
                            Trojan injection
                            Second-stage attack vector
                            Alter configuration files

   Rating/Severity:         Low
   Recommendation:          Update to latest version
                            Enforce file system ACLs

   Vendor:                  Kerio Technologies Inc.

   Affected software:       Kerio WinRoute Firewall (all versions)
                            Kerio ServerFirewall (all versions)
                            Kerio MailServer (all windows versions)

   Updates/Patches:         Yes (see below)
______________________________________________________________________

General Information:

   1. Executive summary:
      ------------------

      As a result of its collaboration relationship the Secure Computer
      Group (SCG) along with dotpi.com Research Labs have determined
      the following security issue on some Kerio Software.

      Kerio WinRoute Firewall, Kerio ServerFirewall and Kerio MailServer
      are installed by default under 'Program Files' system folder. No
      change is done to the ACLs after the installation process.

      As a result, anyone belonging to the 'Power Users' system group
      would be able to modify binary files of services running as
      LOCALSYSTEM, drop malicious DLLs the plug-ins folder or perform
      any change on the XML files where the service settings are
      stored.

      System administrators should enforce ACL security settings in
      order solve this problem. It is also highly recommended to
      verify this settings as part of the planning, installation,
      hardening and auditing processes.

      New versions of the software solve this an other minor problems
      so it is upgrade its highly recommended.


   2. Technical details:
      ------------------

      Following the latest trends and approaches to responsible
      disclosure, SCG and dotpi.com are going to withhold details of
      this flaw for three months.

      Full details will be published on 2005/03/14. This three month
      window will allow system administrators the time needed to
      obtain the patch before the details are released to the general
      public.


   3. Risk Assessment factors:
      ------------------------

      The attacker would need local interactive access to the
      installation directory. Remote access is also possible but
      default system settings do not make this easy.

      The most risky scenarios are the ones in which the server machine
      is shared among two or more users or those situations where Kerio
      service management have been delegated to a third party any other
      than local or domain system administrator.

      Special care should be taken on such environments and every step
      of the project: design, planning, deployment and management
      should consider this security issues.

      Privilege escalation, system and software tampering and the
      ability to alter service configuration are all real issues and
      all of them can be used as a second stage attack vector.


   4. Solutions and recommendations:
      ------------------------------

      Enforce the file system ACLs and/or upgrade to the latest
      versions:

      	o Kerio Winroute Firewall 6.0.9
      	
      	o Kerio ServerFirewall 1.0.1

      	o Kerio MailServer 6.0.5

      As in any other case, follow, as much as possible, the Industry
      'Best Practices' on Planning, Deployment and Operation on this
      kind of services.


   5. Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) project:
      ---------------------------------------------------

      The Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) project has
      assigned the name CAN-2004-1023 to this issue. This is a
      candidate for inclusion in the CVE list (http://cve.mitre.org),
      which standardizes names for security problems.

______________________________________________________________________

Acknowledgements:

   1. Special thanks to Vladimir Toncar and Pavel Dobry and the whole
      Technical Team from Kerio Technologies (support at kerio.com)
      for their quick response and professional handling on this issue.

   3. The whole Research Lab at dotpi.com and specially to Carlos Veira
      for his leadership and support.

   3. Secure Computer Group at University of A Coruna (scg at udc.es),
      and specially to Antonino Santos del Riego powering new research
      paths at University of a Coruna.

______________________________________________________________________

Credits:

   Javier Munoz (Secure Computer Group) is credited with this discovery.

______________________________________________________________________

Related Links:

   [1] Kerio Technologies Inc.
       http://www.kerio.com/

   [2] Kerio WinRoute Firewall Downloads & Updates
       http://www.kerio.com/kwf_download.html

   [3] Kerio ServerFirewall Downloads & Updates
       http://www.kerio.com/ksf_download.html

   [4] Kerio MailServer Downloads & Updates
       http://www.kerio.com/kms_download.html

   [5] Secure Computer Group. University of A Coruna
       http://research.tic.udc.es/scg/

   [6] Secure Computer Group. Updated advisory
       http://research.tic.udc.es/scg/advisories/20041214-2.txt

   [7] dotpi.com Information Technologies S.L.
       http://www.dotpi.com/

   [8] dotpi.com Research Labs
       http://www.dotpi.com/research/

______________________________________________________________________

Legal notice:

   Copyright (c) 2002-2004 Secure Computer Group. University of A Coruna
   Copyright (c) 2004 dotpi.com Information Technologies S.L.

   Permission is granted for the redistribution of this alert
   electronically. It may not be edited in any way without the express
   written consent of the authors.

   If you wish to reprint the whole or any part of this alert in any
   other medium other than electronically, please contact the authors
   for explicit written permission at the following e-mail addresses:
   (scg at udc.es) and (info at dotpi.com).

   Disclaimer: The information in the advisory is believed to be
   accurate at the time of publishing based on currently available
   information. Use of the information constitutes acceptance for use
   in an AS IS condition.

   There are no warranties with regard to this information. Neither the
   author nor the publisher accepts any liability for any direct,
   indirect, or consequential loss or damage arising from use of, or
   reliance on, this information.
_____________________________________________________________________

 
 


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