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Category:   Application (Generic)  >   Zlib Vendors:   [Multiple Authors/Vendors]
(FreeBSD Issues Fix) 'zlib' Shared Compression Library Contains 'Double Free()' Buffer Overflow That Lets Remote Users Cause Programs Using zlib to Crash or Execute Arbitrary Code
SecurityTracker Alert ID:  1003841
SecurityTracker URL:  http://securitytracker.com/id/1003841
CVE Reference:   CVE-2002-0059   (Links to External Site)
Date:  Mar 18 2002
Impact:   Denial of service via network, Execution of arbitrary code via local system, Execution of arbitrary code via network
Fix Available:  Yes  Vendor Confirmed:  Yes  
Version(s): prior to 1.1.3
Description:   A vulnerability was reported in the zlib shared library, a widely used library that provides in-memory compress and decompression functions. A remote user could cause programs using this library to crash or to execute arbitrary code on the system.

It is reported that certain types of input will cause zlib to free the same area of memory twice (i.e., perform a "double free"), resulting in a buffer overflow condition when expanding compressed input. A remote user can cause programs that process untrusted user-supplied compressed input to crash or potentially execute arbitrary code on the system.

It is reported that web browsers or email programs that display image attachments or other programs that uncompress data may be particularly affected.

It is reported that Matthias Clasen <maclas@gmx.de> and Owen Taylor <otaylor@redhat.com> discovered this bug.

Impact:   A remote user can cause affected programs that use zlib to process untrusted user-supplied compressed input to crash or potentially execute arbitrary code on the system.
Solution:   The vendor has released a fix and has described a workaround.

As a workaround, to prevent affected programs from aborting, remove the 'A' from the malloc flags. To check which malloc flags are in use, issue the following commands:

# ls -l /etc/malloc.conf
# echo $MALLOC_OPTIONS

A nonexistent /etc/malloc.conf or MALLOC_OPTIONS environmental variable means that no malloc flags are in use. See the malloc(3) man page for more information.

[FreeBSD 4.x base system]

1) Upgrade your vulnerable system to 4.5-STABLE or to one of the RELENG_4_4 or RELENG_4_5 security branches dated after the respective correction dates.

2) To patch your present system: download the relevant patch from the below location, and execute the following commands as root:

# fetch ftp://ftp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/CERT/patches/SA-02:18/zlib.patch
# fetch ftp://ftp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/CERT/patches/SA-02:18/zlib.patch.asc

Verify the detached PGP signature using your PGP utility.

This patch has been verified to apply to all FreeBSD 4.x versions.

# cd /usr/src
# patch -p < /path/to/patch
# cd lib/libz
# make depend && make all install

Then rebuild and reinstall your kernel as described in http://www.freebsd.org/handbook/kernelconfig.html and reboot the system with the new kernel for the changes to take effect.

[ports]

Various ports may statically link zlib or contain their own versions of zlib that have not been corrected by updating the FreeBSD libz. Efforts are underway to identify and correct these ports.

Vendor URL:  www.gzip.org/zlib/ (Links to External Site)
Cause:   Boundary error
Underlying OS:  UNIX (FreeBSD)

Message History:   This archive entry is a follow-up to the message listed below.
Mar 11 2002 'zlib' Shared Compression Library Contains 'Double Free()' Buffer Overflow That Lets Remote Users Cause Programs Using zlib to Crash or Execute Arbitrary Code



 Source Message Contents

Subject:  FreeBSD Ports Security Advisory FreeBSD-SA-02:18.zlib


-----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE-----

=============================================================================
FreeBSD-SA-02:18                                            Security Advisory
                                                                FreeBSD, Inc.

Topic:          zlib double-free

Category:       core, ports
Module:         zlib
Announced:      2002-03-18
Credits:        Matthias Clasen <maclas@gmx.de>
                Owen Taylor <otaylor@redhat.com>
Affects:        All released versions of FreeBSD
                FreeBSD 4.5-STABLE prior to the correction date
                Various ports using or including zlib
Corrected:      2002-02-22 02:48:40 UTC (RELENG_4)
                2002-02-23 00:14:28 UTC (RELENG_4_5)
                2002-02-23 00:15:19 UTC (RELENG_4_4)
                2002-02-23 00:15:50 UTC (RELENG_4_3)
CVE:            CAN-2002-0059
FreeBSD only:   NO

I.   Background

zlib is a compression library used by numerous applications to provide
data compression/decompression routines.

II.  Problem Description

A programming error in zlib may cause segments of dynamically
allocated memory to be released more than once (double-freed).
If an attacker is able to pass a specially-crafted block of invalid
compressed data to a program that includes zlib, the program's
attempt to decompress the crafted data may cause the zlib routines
to attempt to free memory multiple times.

Unlike some implementations of malloc(3)/free(3), the malloc(3) and
free(3) routines used in FreeBSD (aka phkmalloc, written by
Poul-Henning Kamp <phk@FreeBSD.org>), are not vulnerable to this type
of bug.  From the author:

  Most mallocs keep their housekeeping data right next to the
  allocated range.  This gives rise to all sorts of unpleassant
  situations if programs stray outside the dotted line, free(3)
  things twice or free(3) modified pointers.

  phkmalloc(3) does not store housekeeping next to allocated data,
  and in particular it has code that detects and complains about
  exactly this kind of double free.

When attempting to double-free an area of memory, phkmalloc will
issue a warning:

  progname in free(): error: chunk is already free

and may call abort(3) if the malloc flag 'A' is used.

III. Impact

If an attacker is able to pass a specially-crafted block of invalid
compressed data to an application that utilizes zlib, the attempt to
decompress the data may cause incorrect operation of the application,
including possibly crashing the application.  Also, the malloc
implementation will issue warnings and, if the `A' malloc option is
used, cause the application to abort(3).  In short, an attacker may
cause a denial of service in applications utilizing zlib.

IV.  Workaround

To prevent affected programs from aborting, remove the 'A' from
the malloc flags.  To check which malloc flags are in use, issue the
following commands:

# ls -l /etc/malloc.conf
# echo $MALLOC_OPTIONS

A nonexistent /etc/malloc.conf or MALLOC_OPTIONS environmental variable
means that no malloc flags are in use.  See the malloc(3) man page for
more information.

V.   Solution

[FreeBSD 4.x base system]

1) Upgrade your vulnerable system to 4.5-STABLE or to one of the
RELENG_4_4 or RELENG_4_5 security branches dated after the respective
correction dates.

2) To patch your present system: download the relevant patch from the
below location, and execute the following commands as root:

# fetch ftp://ftp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/CERT/patches/SA-02:18/zlib.patch
# fetch ftp://ftp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/CERT/patches/SA-02:18/zlib.patch.asc

Verify the detached PGP signature using your PGP utility.

This patch has been verified to apply to all FreeBSD 4.x versions.

# cd /usr/src
# patch -p < /path/to/patch
# cd lib/libz
# make depend && make all install

Then rebuild and reinstall your kernel as described in
http://www.freebsd.org/handbook/kernelconfig.html and reboot the
system with the new kernel for the changes to take effect.

[ports]

Various ports may statically link zlib or contain their own versions
of zlib that have not been corrected by updating the FreeBSD libz.
Efforts are underway to identify and correct these ports.

VI.  Correction details

The following list contains the revision numbers of each file that was
corrected in FreeBSD.

Path                                                             Revision
  Branch
- -------------------------------------------------------------------------
src/lib/libz/infblock.c
  RELENG_4                                                    1.1.1.4.6.1
  RELENG_4_5                                                 1.1.1.4.12.1
  RELENG_4_4                                                 1.1.1.4.10.1
  RELENG_4_3                                                  1.1.1.4.8.1
src/sys/net/zlib.c
  RELENG_4                                                       1.10.2.1
  RELENG_4_5                                                     1.10.8.1
  RELENG_4_4                                                     1.10.6.1
  RELENG_4_3                                                     1.10.4.1
- -------------------------------------------------------------------------

VII. References

<URL:http://online.securityfocus.com/archive/1/261205>

The Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures project (cve.mitre.org) has
assigned the name CAN-2002-0059 to this issue.

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