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Category:   Device (Embedded Server/Appliance)  >   Cisco Application Velocity System Vendors:   Cisco
Cisco Application Velocity System Lets Remote Users Relay TCP Connections
SecurityTracker Alert ID:  1016056
SecurityTracker URL:  http://securitytracker.com/id/1016056
CVE Reference:   CVE-2006-2322   (Links to External Site)
Updated:  Dec 5 2009
Original Entry Date:  May 10 2006
Impact:   Host/resource access via network
Fix Available:  Yes  Vendor Confirmed:  Yes  
Version(s): AVS 3110 and 3120; prior to 5.0.1
Description:   A vulnerability was reported in the Cisco Application Velocity System (AVS). A remote user can relay TCP connections via the target system.

A remote user can cause the target device to open a TCP connection to an arbitrary port on an arbitrary system if the destination port on the destination system can process requests embedded in a HTTP POST method message.

The AVS 3180 Management Station is not affected.

Cisco has assigned Cisco bug ID CSCsd32143 to this vulnerability.

Impact:   A remote user can transparently relay TCP connections via the target device.
Solution:   Cisco has described a configuration command that will eliminate the vulnerabiltiy. A software fix is not required. However, Cisco has also issued a new version (5.0.1) that includes the proper configuration.

Software for AVS 3110 is available at:

http://www.cisco.com/cgi-bin/tablebuild.pl/AVS
3110-5.0.1

Software for AVS 3120 is available at:

http://www.cisco.com/cgi-bin/tablebuild.pl/AVS3120-5.0.1

The Cisco advisory is available at:

http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/cisco-sa-20060510-avs.shtml

Vendor URL:  www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/cisco-sa-20060510-avs.shtml (Links to External Site)
Cause:   Access control error, Configuration error
Underlying OS:  

Message History:   None.


 Source Message Contents

Date:  Wed, 10 May 2006 11:00:00 -0500
Subject:  Cisco Security Advisory: AVS TCP Relay Vulnerability

-----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE-----
Hash: SHA1

Cisco Security Advisory: AVS TCP Relay Vulnerability

Advisory ID: cisco-sa-20060510-avs

http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/cisco-sa-20060510-avs.shtml

Revision 1.0

For Public Release 2006 May 10 1600 UTC (GMT)

+--------------------------------------------------------------------

Contents
========

    Summary
    Affected Products
    Details
    Impact
    Software Version and Fixes
    Workarounds
    Obtaining Fixed Software
    Exploitation and Public Announcements
    Status of this Notice: FINAL
    Distribution
    Revision History
    Cisco Security Procedures

+--------------------------------------------------------------------

Summary
=======

Cisco Application Velocity System's (AVS) default configuration
allows transparent relay of TCP connections to any reachable
destination TCP port if the receiving TCP service can process
requests embedded in a HTTP POST method message. This issue does not
require a software upgrade and can be mitigated by a configuration
command for all affected customers.

Fixed versions of the AVS software have been modified to provide a
more secure default configuration.

Cisco has made free software available to address this vulnerability
for affected customers installing new AVS Devices. The available
workaround must be manually configured to mitigate the impact of this
vulnerability for existing AVS devices even if upgrading to a fixed
version of software.

This advisory is posted at 
http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/cisco-sa-20060510-avs.shtml

Affected Products
=================

AVS 3110 and 3120 Application Velocity Systems running all software
versions prior to 5.0.1 are affected.

Vulnerable Products
+------------------

  * AVS 3110 4.0 and 5.0

  * AVS 3120 5.0.0

as well as all prior versions for both devices.

Products Confirmed Not Vulnerable
+--------------------------------

The AVS 3180 Management Station is not affected by this
vulnerability.

No other Cisco products are currently known to be affected by this
vulnerability.

Details
=======

The Cisco AVS 3100 series Application Velocity System is an
enterprise appliance for improving application performance. Using the
Application Velocity System, web applications deployed across the WAN
can offer response times typically expected from LAN environments.

By default, the AVS is normally deployed as a transparent proxy. The
transparent proxy feature may be exploited to open a TCP connection
to any reachable destination TCP port and hide the true IP source
address of the connection TCP port, if the receiving service can
process requests embedded in a HTTP POST method message.

This issue has been resolved by changing the default behavior such
that connections are limited based on the destination port numbers
and connections to TCP ports other than 80 and 443 are denied.

This issue is documented by the following Cisco bug ID:

  * CSCsd32143 (registered customers only)

Note: The available workaround must be manually configured to
mitigate the impact of this vulnerability for existing AVS devices
even if upgrading to a fixed version of software.

Impact
======

The AVS may be used to forward unexpected traffic and to obscure the
true originator of undesirable traffic.

Software Version and Fixes
==========================

When considering software upgrades, also consult 
http://www.cisco.com/go/psirt and any subsequent advisories to 
determine exposure and a complete upgrade solution.

In all cases, customers should exercise caution to be certain the
devices to be upgraded contain sufficient memory and that current
hardware and software configurations will continue to be supported
properly by the new release. If the information is not clear, contact
the Cisco Technical Assistance Center ("TAC") or your contracted
maintenance provider for assistance.

This issue is fixed for new installations in AVS version 5.0.1 for
both the AVS 3110 and AVS 3120.

Software for AVS 3110 is available at 
http://www.cisco.com/cgi-bin/tablebuild.pl/AVS3110-5.0.1

Software for AVS 3120 is available at 
http://www.cisco.com/cgi-bin/tablebuild.pl/AVS3120-5.0.1

Note:  The available workaround must be manually configured to
mitigate the impact of this vulnerability for existing AVS devices
even if upgrading to a fixed version of software.

Workarounds
===========

For existing AVS devices, this issue must be resolved by a
configuration command which blocks the use of redirected proxy
requests for any TCP ports other than TCP/80 and TCP/443. To avoid
writing over an existing configuration, this command must be manually
applied even if software is upgraded to a fixed version. The
configuration commands below should be added to the "fgn.conf"
configuration file using the AVS Management Console.

    <DestinationMapping>
    Name default:80 -> default:80
    Name default:443 -> default:443
    Name default -> localhost:9
    </DestinationMapping>

With this Destination map, only TCP connections to ports 80 and 443
will be forwarded. The AVS will reset connections destined to any
other ports. If HTTP connections must be completed to other TCP
ports, they must also be added to the configuration element using the
same syntax as shown above. If destinations are already set in the
configuration element, only the

    Name default -> localhost:9

configuration line needs to be added as the last line in the
Destination map. Adding this line before other lines in the
Destination map may block legitimate traffic. After updating the
Destination map element, the configuration changes must be published.

For information on using the AVS Management Console refer to: 
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/ps6492/
products_user_guide_chapter09186a008059be02.html

For information about the fgn.conf file refer to: 
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/ps6492/
products_user_guide_chapter09186a008059bddb.html#wp1045951

For information about Destination Mapping refer to: 
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/ps6492/
products_user_guide_chapter09186a008059bddb.html#wp1045807

Obtaining Fixed Software
========================

Cisco will make free software available to address this vulnerability
for affected customers. This advisory will be updated as fixed
software becomes available. Prior to deploying software, customers
should consult their maintenance provider or check the software for
feature set compatibility and known issues specific to their
environment.

Customers may only install and expect support for the feature sets
they have purchased. By installing, downloading, accessing or
otherwise using such software upgrades, customers agree to be bound
by the terms of Cisco's software license terms found at 
http://www.cisco.com/public/sw-license-agreement.html , or as 
otherwise set forth at Cisco.com Downloads at 
http://www.cisco.com/public/sw-center/sw-usingswc.shtml .

Do not contact either "psirt@cisco.com" or "security-alert@cisco.com"
for software upgrades.

Customers with Service Contracts
+-------------------------------

Customers with contracts should obtain upgraded software through
their regular update channels. For most customers, this means that
upgrades should be obtained through the Software Center on Cisco's
worldwide website at http://www.cisco.com .

Customers using Third Party Support Organizations
+------------------------------------------------

Customers whose Cisco products are provided or maintained through
prior or existing agreement with third-party support organizations
such as Cisco Partners, authorized resellers, or service providers
should contact that support organization for guidance and assistance
with the appropriate course of action in regards to this advisory.

The effectiveness of any workaround or fix is dependent on specific
customer situations such as product mix, network topology, traffic
behavior, and organizational mission. Due to the variety of affected
products and releases, customers should consult with their service
provider or support organization to ensure any applied workaround or
fix is the most appropriate for use in the intended network before it
is deployed.

Customers without Service Contracts
+----------------------------------

Customers who purchase direct from Cisco but who do not hold a Cisco
service contract and customers who purchase through third-party
vendors but are unsuccessful at obtaining fixed software through
their point of sale should get their upgrades by contacting the Cisco
Technical Assistance Center (TAC). TAC contacts are as follows.

  * +1 800 553 2447 (toll free from within North America)
  * +1 408 526 7209 (toll call from anywhere in the world)
  * e-mail: tac@cisco.com

Have your product serial number available and give the URL of this
notice as evidence of your entitlement to a free upgrade. Free
upgrades for non-contract customers must be requested through the
TAC.

Refer to http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/687/Directory/DirTAC.shtml
for additional TAC contact information, including special localized
telephone numbers and instructions and e-mail addresses for use in
various languages.

Exploitation and Public Announcements
=====================================

The Cisco PSIRT is aware of an instance in which the AVS has been
used to transmit unsolicited commercial e-mail and hide the true
source of the message.

Status of this Notice: FINAL
============================

THIS DOCUMENT IS PROVIDED ON AN "AS IS" BASIS AND DOES NOT IMPLY ANY
KIND OF GUARANTEE OR WARRANTY, INCLUDING THE WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR USE. YOUR USE OF THE
INFORMATION ON THE DOCUMENT OR MATERIALS LINKED FROM THE DOCUMENT IS
AT YOUR OWN RISK. CISCO RESERVES THE RIGHT TO CHANGE OR UPDATE THIS
DOCUMENT AT ANY TIME.

A stand-alone copy or Paraphrase of the text of this document that
omits the distribution URL in the following section is an
uncontrolled copy, and may lack important information or contain
factual errors.

Distribution
============

This advisory is posted on Cisco's worldwide website at:

http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/cisco-sa-20060510-avs.shtml

In addition to worldwide web posting, a text version of this notice
is clear-signed with the Cisco PSIRT PGP key and is posted to the
following e-mail and Usenet news recipients.

  * cust-security-announce@cisco.com
  * first-teams@first.org
  * bugtraq@securityfocus.com
  * vulnwatch@vulnwatch.org
  * cisco@spot.colorado.edu
  * cisco-nsp@puck.nether.net
  * full-disclosure@lists.grok.org.uk
  * comp.dcom.sys.cisco@newsgate.cisco.com

Future updates of this advisory, if any, will be placed on Cisco's
worldwide website, but may or may not be actively announced on
mailing lists or newsgroups. Users concerned about this problem are
encouraged to check the above URL for any updates.

Revision History
================

+---------------------------------------+
| Revision |             | Initial      |
| 1.0      | 2006-May-10 | public       |
|          |             | release.     |
+---------------------------------------+

Cisco Security Procedures
=========================

Complete information on reporting security vulnerabilities in Cisco
products, obtaining assistance with security incidents, and
registering to receive security information from Cisco, is available
on Cisco's worldwide website at 
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/
products_security_vulnerability_policy.html . 
This includes instructions for press inquiries regarding Cisco 
security notices. All Cisco security advisories are available at 
http://www.cisco.com/go/psirt .
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